This information only applies if the images, sound recordings or films you are using are still within the period of copyright protection.
Creative commons is a type of licencing that often allows use in research or teaching.
Searching Flickr or google images will bring up many examples of images made available under creative commons licences.
But not all creative commons licences are the same. There are 6 main licences (with variations such as Australian, US and UK versions) with quite different terms and conditions. These terms must be followed, just like any other licensed material that you use.
All creative commons licences require attribution of the creator (artist or photographer) and a link to the licence terms themselves See 'How to attribute a Creative Commons photo',
Non-commercial use may restrict use of the image on social media where personal postings may be moneterised (by selling advertising or information)
No derivatives means you are not permitted to alter the image eg may restrict ability to crop or change the colour tone
Share alike means you can only use or made the new work available under the same conditions as the creative commons material you want to use eg if you copy a short film that has a creative commons licence non-commercial share-alike, that means your dissemination of anything including that film must also be non-commercial and licensed under creative commons as share-alike.
NOTE: Anyone can take an image and put a creative commons licence on it. Consider whether it is likely that the webmaster or supposed copyright owner actually can make the image available eg ask whether an ordinary user would have the rights to popular film or TV images or cartoons
Other useful licensed for education resources are at Online image resources
Consult the Copyright Adviser for further advice
You can use audiovisual material in your research under copyright law as long as
You can't usually rely on fair dealing for making multiple copies, or making material available to the general public (eg publishing by placing it online). These activities would require permission from the copyright owners (usually the film studio, the TV station or channel, the director or producer or the distributor).
See the databases tab in this guide for information about the library’s licensed audio and audiovisual databases that can be linked to in moodle or from lecture slides. Another source of material is TV broadcasts or legitimate DVDs. These can be copied under 'Fair Dealing' but it is unclear how much can be copied – see note 3 above
Youtube has legitimate channels such as Vevo as well as other content placed there by the rightsholder. This can be played in class or you can Embed a YouTube video in your presentation or moodle site. Ensure the content you are showing is authorised as Youtube includes much potentially infringing material.
There is separate copyright in performances. If you are recording a performance or being recorded as a performer, the performer has the right to refuse being recorded, over the use of the recording and may have ownership rights over sound recordings of live performances. Performers also have the right to be credited as the performer in the recording. See Moral Rights.
More information is at Recording performances.
Please contact the Copyright Adviser if you are unsure of the status of the material.
You can use images in your research under copyright law as long as
You can't usually rely on fair dealing for making multiple copies, or making images available to the general public (publishing). These activities would require permission from the copyright owners (usually the photographer, the artist, the publisher or an Image library such as Getty Images).
Consult the Copyright Adviser for further advice and refer to the general information on Fair Dealing and on Using images in your assignments, coursework or research
You can use audiovisual materials in class where
You can copy audiovisual material for class where
NOTE: IT is preferable to stream or embed Youtube videos rather than copy because many of them do not allow downloading or copying.
Please contact the Copyright Adviser if you are unsure of the status of the material (whether it is legitimate or not).
All work used should be properly attributed, see Moral Rights.
See the general information on Using audio or audio-visual content for educational purposes
There is separate copyright in performances. If you are recording a performance or being recorded as a performer, the performer has the right to refuse being recorded and has rights over the use of the recording. Performers also have the right to be credited as the performer in the recording. See Moral Rights.
More information is at Recording performances.
You can use images in your teaching under copyright law as long as
NOTE: Some images are online without permission of the copyright owner. If there are no citation details (especially name of photographer) this may show that the image is unauthorised. Any licence terms attached would not necessarily apply.
Permission has to come from the legitimate copyright owner.
All images should be properly attributed. See Moral Rights.