Emergency Health: Paramedic search filters

How to find information, materials, and people that will enable more effective study of Emergency Health

Sensitive filter

Two filters and how to use them

Sensitive filter is optimal for use by researchers in order to capture all relevant papers.

Specificity filter is optimal for use by clinicians and students who are requiring a strategy that may not identify all papers however will retrieve the most relevant papers.

Search Strategy: bold search terms are removed in the specificity filter


1     Ambulances/ 

2     Emergency Medical Technicians/ 

3     Air Ambulances/ 

4     Emergency Medical Services/ 

5     paramedic*.tw. 

6     ems.tw. 

7     emt.tw. 

8     prehospital.tw. 

9     pre-hospital.tw. 

10     first responder*.tw. 

11     emergency medical technicians.tw. 

12     emergency services.tw. 

13     ambulance*.tw. 

14     HEMS.tw. 

15     field triage.tw. 

16     out-of-hospital.tw. 

17     1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6 or 7 or 8 or 9 or 10 or 11 or 12 or 13 or 14 or 15 or 16 

( / denotes subject heading, .tw denotes text word (title & abstract))

           Olaussen A, Semple W, Oteir A, Todd P, Williams B. Paramedic literature search filters: Optimised for clinicians and academics. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2017;17:146 - 51. Available from https://bmcmedinformdecismak.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12911-017-0544-z DOI 10.1186/s12911-017-0544-z 

Specificity filter