When reviewing the final search results from your chosen databases (and other sources if relevant), multiple reviewers (you and your supervisors or co-reviewers) will make decisions on which articles to include and exclude based on the criteria specified in your protocol. The first stage of this is usually based on titles and abstracts, then a full text analysis follows before data extraction.
- Pre-screening: Record the numbers of results from each database or source recorded before screening commences
- Title/abstract screening: Each reviewer will need to scan titles and abstracts to see if they match the criteria or have some value to the
systematic review. This is done separately by each reviewer to ensure minimal bias. Results are then compared.
- Full-text screening: Reviewers look through the full-text of included articles to fine-tune the final collection of articles that will contribute to
Various types of software can be used to store citations and do the screening:
Creating groups in Endnote