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Citing and referencing: Websites

A guide to the styles recommended by Monash schools and departments for students and researchers

Websites

Notes:

  • Most websites are not peer reviewed. Before using them, consider the assignment criteria. If  peer reviewed sources have been recommended, websites may not be suitable.  
  • A web document (not a journal article) may be a Word or .pdf file, available from a website or webpage.
  • Use the year of publication, or if the source undergoes regular revision, use the most recent update.
  • Use n.d. (no date) where no publication date is available.
  • When citing an entire website or page and not any document in particular or paraphrasing from the page/site, it is sufficient to give the address of the site in the text (no reference list entry is required).

Document on the world wide web

Format

Author AA, Author BB (Year of publication) 'Title of work.' (Publisher: Place of publication) Available at URL [Verified day month year]

Example

Hughes L, McMichael T (2011) 'The critical decade: Climate change and health.' (Department of climate change and energy efficiency: Canberra) Available at http://www.climatecouncil.org.au/uploads/1bb6887d6f8cacd5d844fc30b0857931.pdf [Verified 10 April 2014]

 

Web page

Format

Author AA, Author BB (Year of publication) 'Title of page.' Available at URL [Verified day month year]

Name of organisation (Year of publication) 'Title of page.' Available at URL [Verified day month year]

Example

Bureau of Meteorology (2011) 'Average annual, seasonal and monthly rainfall.' Available at http://www.bom.gov.au/jsp/ncc/climate_averages/rainfall/index.jsp [Verified 26 February 2014]

DEPI (2015) 'Victorian biodiversity atlas.' Available at http://www.depi.vic.gov.au/environment-and-wildlife/biodiversity/victorian-biodiversity-atlas [Verified 25 November 2015]

 

Image from the Web

Format

Artist's surname initial (Year of publication) 'Title of work' [Format]. Available at URL [Verified day month year]

Example

Sievers W (1966) 'Monash University.' [Photograph]. Available at http://trove.nla.gov.au/work/15565401?q=monash&c=picture&versionId=18284000 [Verified 25 October 2015]