BooksJournals/PeriodicalsWebsitesSocial mediaGovernment sources/industry reportsLegal sourcesConferencesTheses/DissertationsUniversity course materialsData/Figures/ImagesSpeeches/Broadcasts/Audiovisual/Music scoresLive performancesEphemeraKey termsAbbreviations and symbols used in referencingAppendix A - Figure and table captions; music notationsAppendices B & C - Quick guides to referencing articles; in-text citationsAppendix D - Sample reference list
BooksJournals/PeriodicalsWebsites/e-Book/BlogGovernment sourcesTheses/DissertationsNews SourcesAudiovisual/Music scoresEphemera: Pamphlet/Exhibition CatalogueUniversity lecturesAncient/Sacred TextsPersonal Communiction: Interview/EmailManuscript/Letter/DiaryWork of Art/Image, Graph, Figure, Table
In text citationsAbbreviations used in referencingAudio and Visual mediaBooksConferencesDictionaries/Encyclopedias/GuidesGovernment and other reportsIndustry reportsJournals/PeriodicalsLegal sourcesNewspapers/MagazinesTheses/DissertationsUniversity course materialsWebsites and social mediaSample reference list
BooksJournals/PeriodicalsWebsites and Website documentsConferencesTheses / DissertationsPatentsFilmComputer ProgramFigures and TablesReferencing Quick Guide
In-text referencing style: author prominent vs information prominentStandard abbreviations used in the IEEE Reference listStyle overview: common elementsBooksConferencesJournalsPatentsReportsTheses and DissertationsWebsites
Using quotationsBooksEncyclopediasJournals/PeriodicalsWebsitesNewspapersReviewsGovernment publicationsTelevision/Radio BroadcastFilm/VideorecordingSocial mediaLive PerformancesEphemera
In text citationsAudio and visual mediaBooksConferencesGovernment / Technical reportsJournals/PeriodicalsLegal sourcesNewspapersPersonal communicationsReference worksTheses/DissertationsUniversity course materialsWebsites, blogs and wikis
BooksJournalsWebsites/BlogsImages/FiguresAudiovisualDidactic panel at an exhibitionNewspapers/MagazinesOne source quoted in anotherTheses and exegeses
BooksJournals/PeriodicalsWebsitesSocial mediaNews SourcesGovernment sources/industry reportsLegal sourcesConferencesTheses/DissertationsIllustrations/Work of Art/Table/FigureRecordings: Speech/Music/FilmLetter/Manuscript/DiaryPlay/PoemEncyclopaedia/Dictionay
This is the "Home" page of the "Citing and referencing" guide.
Alternate Page for Screenreader Users
Skip to Page Navigation
Skip to Page Content

Citing and referencing   Tags: citing, reference styles, referencing, style guides  

A guide to the styles recommended by Monash schools and departments for students and researchers
Last Updated: Sep 30, 2014 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

Home Print Page

Demystifying Citing and Referencing interactive guide

Learn more about why citing and referencing appropriately is crucial, and how you can avoid unintentional plagiarism.


Citation styles

When submitting a piece of academic work, you need to properly acknowledge the material that you have consulted. This allows others who read your work to verify facts or research the same information more easily. Acknowledgement may be in the form of  in text citations, footnotes, endnotes and/or a bibliography.

Different citing and referencing styles cater for the specific requirements of different disciplines.

This guide includes the styles most commonly used at Monash University

Language and Learning Online

Language and Learning Online tutorials to help you understand why you need to cite the sources you have used in your assignments, and what you need to do to avoid plagiarism.


Loading  Loading...