Australian Federal government education policies can be found on the Department of Education and Training's home page.
The Victorian Department of Education and Early Childhood Development provides links to policies for:
The Teaching and Curriculum Resources page has a range of resources are available to support teachers in the classroom and apply best practice to teaching with information on reports, assessment, curriculum plans, digital spaces, literacy and numeracy.
Try search terms such as policy, framework or strategy.
Most schools will have policy documents linked to their home page, for example:
For Victorian schools here is a list of all school locations in Victoria. Includes primary and secondary schools, government and non government.
Catholic Education Melbourne has links to policies such as sexual harassment, drug education and pastoral care.
Similar organisations exist in the other states.
Universities Australia provides links to policy and governance documents.
Type "policy papers" into the search box.
The International Institute for Educational Planning publishes policy booklets on issues such as gender inclusion, teacher training, and poverty and education.