Psychology: Citing and Referencing

Databases, journals, reference works and websites that will help you with your research and assignments

Citing and referencing

Why cite? Have a look at the library Citing and Referencing tutorial

The School of Psychology, Psychiatry and Psychological Medicine uses the APA 6th referencing style.  This style is based on the Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.).

The online APA citing and referencing  tab provides a number of examples you can use when citing different types of references, such as journal articles and government reports.  For reference types that do not have an example provided, you will need to look at the general format specified by APA in their Publication Manual and modify it for your needs.

You can test your knowledge of APA citing and referencing in the "Easy Guide to APA Citing and Referencing" tutorial

Digital Object Identifiers (DOI's)

A DOI (digital object identifier) is a unique alphanumeric code for persistent identification of an electronic item on the Internet.

A DOI name may look something like this   DOI:  10.1080/10911359.2011.535733

Not all articles are allocated with a DOI, although they are becoming more common.  The DOI may be listed on the front page of an article, or within the database record. 

If you have a DOI and want to see the matching citation (or the full-text if you have access), use a DOI resolver, or try pasting the DOI into a Google search.

Citing an online article where no DOI is available

APA Style indicates that when no DOI is available for an online article, you should provide the URL of the journal home page. 

The following document outlines how to locate the journal home page using either the library catalogue or using Google.


Monash University provides EndNote bibliographic software for managing citations and references for postgraduate students and staff.

For more information or to download the software, see the Library's EndNote library guide.

Classes on how to use EndNote are run throughout the year. Check times and locations in the class booking system.

Who's citing whom?

To find out who's citing whom use the following: