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Nursing and Midwifery: Citing and referencing

Resources for students and staff

APA style

The Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences uses APA 6th style of citing and referencing.  The Library provides a guide with examples of in-text citing and a variety of reference list examples.

The Library has produced an online tutorial designed to help you learn the principles of citing and referencing.

Use National Library of Medicine to find journal title abbreviations or full names of journals



Free software for managing citations and associated files for Monash University students and staff. It integrates with common word processors. Available for both Windows and Mac computers.

Digital Object Identifiers (DOI's)

A DOI (digital object identifier) is a unique alphanumeric code for persistent identification of an electronic item on the Internet.

A DOI name may look something like this   DOI:  10.1080/10911359.2011.535733

Not all articles are allocated with a DOI, although they are becoming more common.  The DOI may be listed on the front page of an article, or within the database record. 

If you have a DOI and want to see the matching citation (or the full-text if you have access), use a DOI resolver, or try pasting the DOI into a Google search.

Citing an online article where no DOI is available

APA Style indicates that when no DOI is available for an online article, you should provide the URL of the journal home page. 

The following document outlines how to locate the journal home page using either the library catalogue or using Google.

Referencing legal sources

Refer to the guide below for assistance in referencing legal sources

Easy Guide to APA Citing and Referencing tutorial

Front page of Monash's 'Easy Guide to APA Citing and Referencing' Tutorial. Click on image to start tutorial.

APA online tutorial

Front page linking to the APA referencing tutorial. Click on here to start tutorial.