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Nursing and Midwifery: Writing

Resources for students and staff

Verbs to use with author prominent citations

The verbs in this list can be used when writing an author prominent citation (e.g. Smith states ...):

admit contrast evaluate note state
add critique explore observe suggest
ask examine consider point out show
ascertain concur expound on postulate say
analyse conclude emphasise present survey
assess cite envision propose synthesise
argue describe furnish prove stipulate
agree delineate find question summarise
address determine investigate remark trace
answer define inquire reply view
believe demonstrate indentify refer to warn

(Source: Kennedy, M.L. & Smith, H.M. (1986), Academic writing: Working with sources across the curriculum. Englewood Cliffs NJ: Prentice-Hall)

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Using references effectively

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