For a printable version of this quick guide, download the following document:
Numbered markers in the text may be created using the footnote function of word processing software.
"Ultimately we will learn more about some of the celebrated events in Australian history if we turn to the old almanacs and their tables of the moon."1
1. Geoffrey Blainey, Black Kettle and Full Moon: Daily Life in a Vanished Australia (Penguin/Viking: Melbourne, 2003), 7.
Your bibliography should document all the works you consulted in preparing your essay, whether you cited them directly, or not.
Entries should be listed alphabetically by the first author's surname or family name. If there is no named author, list by the first word in the work's title, ignoring 'A', 'An' or 'The'.
The date an e-journal was accessed is not required in Chicago style but may be required in certain disciplines. If included the date should precede the DOI or URL, separated by commas in a note and periods in a bibliography entry.
There are two styles of referencing outlined in the Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition.
Notes and Bibliography
This is the style used in this guide and is made up of two parts:
Consecutively numbered markers in the text refer the reader to bibliographic citations in footnotes or endnotes.
A bibliography at the end of the document provides full details of all sources cited and consulted by the writer.
This style is not included in this guide.
For more information on both Chicago styles see
The Chicago manual of style online
Hardcopy 16th ed. Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 2010