Citing and referencing: Websites, newspaper and magazine articles, social media

A guide to the styles recommended by Monash schools and departments for students and researchers

Newspaper articles, magazine articles, websites, social media

Websites, newspaper articles, magazine articles, social media

 

Author rules:

The rules for websites, newspaper articles, magazine articles, and social media items with one author, two or more authors, an organisation as author, or no author are the same as the general rules for presenting authors in reference list entries described on the Reference list page of this guide.

 

Websites

Please note: The Style Manual states to hyperlink the title of the webpage, rather than including the URL, however, this will not work in citation management software such as EndNote, and the URL will not show if your work is printed.  For these reasons, we recommend including the URL rather than hyperlinking the title. 

Don’t include the URL for a PDF or other downloadable document if possible, instead link to the page that hosts the document.

Always include the date you accessed the site at the end of the reference.

Use the same capitalisation as the organisation uses for the name of a website.

Rule: Author A (Year) Title of webpage, Name of Website (if different), accessed Day Month Year, URL

Example: RDN (Rural Doctors Network) Registration pathways - social workers, NSW Rural Doctors Network, accessed 20 January 2021, https://www.nswrdn.com.au/site/index.cfm?display=286432

 
Document on a website

Rule: Author A (Year) Title of document, Organisation Name or Name of Website, accessed Day Month Year, URL

Example: ACMA (Australian Communications and Media Authority) (2020) Combating scams summary report, Australian Communications and Media Authority, accessed 22 January 2021, https://www.acma.gov.au/publications/2019-11/report/combating-scams-summary-report

 

Newspaper articles

Include the full date for newspaper articles, rather than just the year.

 
Online newspaper articles

Please note: The Style Manual recommends hyperlinking the title of the article rather than providing the URL, however, this will not work in citation management software such as EndNote, and the URL will not show if your work is printed.  For these reasons, we recommend including the URL rather than hyperlinking the title. If you accessed the article through a database (for example Newsbank, Factiva), include the name of the database instead of a URL.

Rule: Author A (Day Month Year) ‘Title of article: subtitle of article’, Name of Newspaper, accessed Day Month Year, URL

Example: Christian G (2020) 'Drug-injecting room: the glorious success of failure', News Weekly, accessed 26 November 2020, https://ncc.org.au/?s=Drug-injecting+room%3A+the+glorious+success+of+failure

OR

Author A (Day Month Year) ‘Title of article: subtitle of article’, Name of Newspaper, accessed Day Month Year, Name of Database.

Example: Clun R (2021) '365 days later: the alert that heralded disaster', The Age, accessed 19 January 2021, Newsbank.

 

Print newspaper articles

Newspaper articles accessed in print don't include a URL or an accessed date.

Rule: Author A (Day Month Year) ‘Title of article: subtitle of article’, Name of Newspaper.

Example: Benson S (25 March 2020) 'Life in isolation a mind bender', The Australian.

 

Magazine articles

Include the date information that is available, e.g. the month and the year, the season and the year (e.g. Spring 2019) or the full publication date if given.

 
Online magazine articles

Please note: The Style Manual recommends hyperlinking the title of the article rather than providing the URL, however, this will not work in citation management software such as EndNote, and the URL will not show if your work is printed.  For these reasons, we recommend including the URL rather than hyperlinking the title. If you accessed the magazine article through a database (for example Newsbank), include the name of the database instead of a URL.

Rule: Author A (available date details, e.g. Day Month Year) ‘Title of article: subtitle of article’, Name of Magazine, accessed Day Month Year, URL

Example: Tait AA (April 1970) 'Inigo Jones: architectural historian', The Burlington Magazine, accessed 23 February 2021, http://www.jstor.org/stable/876283

OR

Rule: Author A (available date details, e.g. Day Month Year) ‘Title of article: subtitle of article’, Name of Magazine, accessed Day Month Year, Name of Database.

Example: Muddiman K (4 February 2020) 'Wildlife's long road ahead', Town and Country Magazine (Australia), accessed 19 January 2021, Newsbank.

 
Print magazine articles

Magazine articles accessed in print don't include a URL or an accessed date.

Rule: Author A (available date details, e.g. Day Month Year) ‘Title of article: subtitle of article’, Name of Magazine.

Example: Schlegl K (Mar/Apr 2021) 'Virtual reality', Frankie.

 

Social Media

 
Social media and forum posts

For social media posts with no title, include the first 10 words of the content followed by an ellipsis instead. Include what type of post it is (e.g. Facebook, Twitter) and the date you accessed the post.

Rule: Name of Page or Poster (Day Month Year) ‘Title or first 10 words of content of post ...’ [type of post], Page of Post, accessed Day Month Year, URL

Example: Bevan H (15 March 2021) 'A global study of 26,000 people on engagement & resilience ... ' [Twitter], accessed 17 March 2021, https://twitter.com/HelenBevanTweet/status/1371151408347688961

 

Blog posts

 
Blog post with author listed

Rule: Author A (Day Month Year) ‘Title of article: subtitle of article’, Name of Blog, accessed Day Month Year, URL

Example: Eddé D (6 November 2019) ‘If I’m dreaming, don’t wake me up’, Verso blog, accessed 14 November 2019, https://www.versobooks.com/blogs/4478-if-i-m-dreaming-don-t-wake-me-up

 
Blog post without author listed

Rule: Name of Blog (Day Month Year) ‘Title of article: subtitle of article’, Name of Blog, accessed Day Month Year, URL

 
Comment on a blog post

Rule: Author A (Day Month Year) ‘Re: Title of post: subtitle of post’ [blog comment], Name of Blog, accessed Day Month Year.