Citing and referencing: Patents and Standards

A guide to the styles recommended by Monash schools and departments for students and researchers

Patents and Standards

Patents

Format

Patent inventor last name, initials. (Year patent issued). Patent title - italicised (Country Patent No.). Name of official source of patent information - usually patent office. 

Author, A. A. (Year). Patent Identifier No. xxx.  Source Name.

Example

In-text citation

 

 

Reference list

 

In-text citation

 

 

Reference list

 

U.S. Patent No. 66,991,798-B1 (2004)
OR
(U.S. Patent No. 66,991,798-B1, 2004)

 

Lindsay, S. J. (2004). U.S. Patent No. 66,991,798-B1. U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

 

Australian Patent No. 2016101507 (2016)

OR

(Australian Patent No. 2016101507, 2016)

Calaby, R., & Baker, N. (2016). Australian Patent No. 2016101507.  IP Australia.

 

Standards

If the URL is long, shorten URL to main website

Format

Standards Organization. (Year). Title of standard (Standard number). Publisher (print) or https://xxxxxx

Example

Standards Australia. (2013). Child restraint systems for use in motor vehicles (AS/NZ 1754:2013). 

              https://www.saiglobal.com