Citing and referencing: Books

A guide to the styles recommended by Monash schools and departments for students and researchers


For more details on how to create references for books (print and online), chapters, audiobooks, authored and edited books, see Chapter 3.12 of the AMA Manual of Style. Being able to identify the format of what you have read will help you cite and reference correctly.
General format
  • include all author surnames and initials, unless there is more than 6, list 3 authors and initials followed by et al
  • title and subtitle, if there is one, in italics and capitalise the main words
  • edition number if it's not the first edition
  • name of publisher
  • year of copyright preceded by a semi-colon


Print books

Example: 10.     Carlson BM. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology. 5th ed. Saunders; 2014.


If the ebook has a DOI, include it in your reference. No accessed date required.  If not, include the URL.

Example: 11.     Ettinger S. Nutritional Pathophysiology of Obesity and its Comorbidities: A Case-Study Approach, Elsevier; 2017. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-803013-4.00010-7

Example: 12.     Tanguay E, Hanratty P, Martin B. Reflective Writing for Nursing, Health and Social Work. Red Globe Press; 2020. Accessed August 30, 2022.

Books not yet published

If a book is not yet published, use the term 'forthcoming'.The term 'in press' is no longer used.

Example: 13.     Lilly LS. Braunwald's Heart Disease Review and Assessment. 12th ed. Elsevier. Forthcoming 2022.

Edited books 

Example: 14.     Fleming ML, Baldwin L, eds. Health Promotion in the 21st Century: New Approaches to Achieving Health for All. Routledge; 2020. Accessed May 25, 2022.

Chapter in an edited book

Example: 15.     Gall JAM. Physical child abuse. In: Stark MM, ed. Clinical Forensic Medicine: A Physician's Guide. 3rd ed. Springer; 2020:195-238. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-29462-5_5

Note: If you are citing a chapter in an authored book, then you cite the entire book, whether it is a print book or an eBook.

Refer to the AMA Manual of Style Chapter 3.7 for more guidance and examples related to authors.