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Activity One: Which Source is Appropriate for Academic Use?

In pairs/small groups, have a look at the example information sources (Click on the sources for more details):


• What type of sources are they? -Hint: Choose from the followings: Book/Encyclopedia; Conference paper; Website; Academic article; Trade/Magazine article; Commercial report

Do you think it is a primary, secondary, or tertiary resource, or something else?

• Do you think it would be considered a piece of research?

• Can you evaluate it using the 5Ws?

• What might you use this kind of source for?

Activity Two: Searching For Background Information

In pairs/small groups, have a look at Monash Library Search.

  • Take some time to search for reliable background information on a major global challenge, and see what you can find
  • What type of sources can you find on your topic under "Resources type"?
  • Sign in and Pin useful sources you find into your account
  • If the source is available in PDF, download and save it in your file

If you have time, check the following platforms that contain introductory resources such as encyclopedias, handbooks, and textbooks

Activity Three: Let's Find This Article!

In pairs/small groups, using the database Scopus (a specialised platform that searches peer-reviewed research), find the following article:

Slorach PC, Jeswani HK, Cuéllar-Franca R and Azapagic A (2019) ‘Environmental sustainability of anaerobic digestion of household food waste’. Journal of environmental management, 236, 798–814,

• Connect to Scopus and find the article
• Once you find the article, download a copy of the full-text PDF and save it in your file 
• Is this a Primary (original) research article? or a Secondary (review) research article?
• How can you tell?

Activity Four: Referencing Your Materials

Use Analysis & Policy Observatory to find the following document:

Halving food waste: Australia’s progress on SDG 12.3

Once you have found the document, refer to the Library's Harvard Citing & Referencing Guide and compile the citation

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