International Studies: Citing & referencing

A guide to resources at Monash University Library for International Studies

Helpful links

Tutorials and workshops

Citing and referencing: Harvard

Monash has published a style guide for Harvard that includes detailed information and examples, and it can be found on the Harvard tab of the Citing & Referencing Library Guide.

Demonstrating that you have read the major writers, and acknowledging their ideas is a fundamental skill of academic work. We acknolwedge other writers through citing them, and providing a reference. There are lots of different referencing styles, you should check your unit guide to determine which style you are required to use. It is likely that you may be asked to reference in Harvard style.

Harvard is an author-date referencing style, which means that your in-text citation (in the body of your essay) should include basic information such as the author of the work, the date it was published, and page numbers if relevant. Your reference list (at the end of your essay) includes more in-depth information, such as the publisher.

An in-text citation for a book, for example would look like this:

Various factors play a role in independent learning (Brick 2009, pp. 47-55).

The corresponding reference list entry for that same book, would look like this:

Brick, J 2009, Academic culture: a student’s guide to studying at university, National Centre for English Language Teaching and  Research, Sydney.


Keeping track of what you have read for the different subjects, from a variety of sources can be time-consuming.

There are bibliographic software packages available which help with these tasks.

The University supports the EndNote software package which can be downloaded and used freely by students and staff at Monash.

The programme is a sophisticated system aimed at postgraduate and research needs, however undergraduate students are welcome to use it if they wish. The Library offers classes throughout the year on EndNote which can be booked online.