Important note: This Vancouver citing and referencing guide was created in 2022, based on the 2020 American Medical Association (AMA) Manual of Style,11th ed. In particular, Chapter 3 of the manual addresses referencing. Please provide feedback and suggestions for this guide before we decommission the previous Vancouver style guide on the 10th of July 2023. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
The key to correct citing and referencing is developing several skills including:
This guide offers advice on using the Vancouver referencing style, which is a numbered referencing style, of which there are varied versions. The Vancouver style used at Monash University is now based on the AMA Manual of Style,11th Edition published in 2020, provided online by the Library. There are a number of major changes included in this updated Vancouver style at Monash, compared with the Vancouver style previously used. We have opted for a more simplified but professionally accepted style used in the health and medical fields. The major changes that have been incorporated into this updated Vancouver citing and referencing guide are:
Example: previously 123-9 now 123-129
Two of the main reasons why we use referencing styles are to acknowledge our sources and to give readers the information they need to find the sources for themselves. This requires two elements: in-text citations and a reference list. For a numbered referencing style such as Vancouver, citations within the text usually include only a number. Each in-text citation has a corresponding entry in the reference list. Each reference list entry corresponds with an in-text number (citation) and includes the author’s name and the publication year, the title, and the publication details. More guidance and examples related to Vancouver citations and references are included in the contents of this guide. Please check with your unit coordinator for any specific referencing or formatting requirements.
We've listed some sources that use the Vancouver referencing style, similar to Monash's new Vancouver style, so you can see examples in action:
The JAMA (Journal of the American Medical Association) output style can be added to your list of styles. Go to your EndNote > Tools > Output styles > New style (find JAMA) and add to your frequently used styles. The JAMA style is also based on the AMA Manual of Style.
Also, see our EndNote guide for instructions on adding abbreviated journal titles in bulk to your EndNote desktop application and instructions on setting up superscript if required.