In Vancouver style, a number is allocated to each citation in the order in which it appears in the text.
...the wording of the title shouldn't be too vague6;
...when evaluating the quality of evidence.12
The way you cite information can be significant, depending on the emphasis you wish to apply.
If you wish to emphasise the author, then your citation becomes 'author prominent'.
In their research, Jones and Smith2 assert...
Pawson et al16 concluded that...
If you wish to emphasise the information you have paraphrased or quoted, your citation becomes 'information prominent'.
The results, as evidenced by a recent Australian study17 show that...
Include page numbers in in-text citations when you are directly quoting another person's work.
Brackets (parentheses) are used if you're including page numbers as per the example below. Use p for a single page and pp for multiple pages. If you want to cite several sources at once, for example when reporting on multiple studies with similar findings, you can include more than one source in one citation.
...to highlight the issue Taylor10(p63) discusses Bridge's research...
Russo 14(pp3,5),15 emphasises the importance of evaluating methodologies for meta-analyses.
Check with your unit coordinator for any specific referencing or formatting requirements. For instance, we are recommending the use of superscript3 for in-text citations as opposed to brackets (3). Your unit coordinator may have their own preference.