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Footnotes should be used to: 

  • provide authority for a proposition
  • acknowledge a source that you have relied upon in your assignment
  • provide information that enables the reader to locate the source you have cited

The first citation of a source should appear in full.

Footnote numbers should generally appear after the punctuation at the end of a sentence however they can appear directly after the relevant text if this is necessary for the sake of clarity.


  • See Chapter 1 of the AGLC4 for additional guidance on how to format footnotes.
  • A footnote will often contain a pinpoint reference which is a reference to a specific page, paragraph or other section of a source.