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Business and Economics: Grey literature

For students undertaking Accounting, Banking & Finance, Business, Law & Taxation, Economics, Econometrics & Business Statistics, Management and Marketing at Monash University

Grey literature is information that is published non-commercially or remains unpublished. It is produced by organisations where publishing is not the primary activity, such as companies, universities, government departments and NGOs. Grey literature appears in many formats including reports, patents, posters, statistics, theses and working papers. Examples of grey literature appear below.

Selected examples of grey literature relevant to business and economics


Publicly listed company annual reports


Research papers

Reserve Bank of Australia

SSRN (Social Sciences)

RePEc (Economics)

Official statistics

Australian Bureau of Statistics

Publications from non-governmental organisations

Transparency International

International Labour Organisation 

Reports from research bodies/think tanks

The Grattan Institute

APO (Analysis & Policy Observatory)

Research produced by the private sector

ANZ Bank

Reports from government agencies

Productivity Commission


Australian Accounting Standards Board


Tips for finding and using grey literature:

  • Identify key organisations/stakeholders relevant to your topic and visit their websites.
  • Perform a Google Advanced Search on the topic, using a search strategy - see How to Search.
  • Check the quality of the sources you find - see Evaluating Information.
  • Quality and authoritative online sources often include links to other quality sources.