The rules for books with one author, two or more authors, an organisation as author, or no author are the same as the general rules for presenting authors in reference list entries described on the Reference list page of this guide.
Reference papers or abstracts published in conference proceedings in a similar way to journal articles. List the titles of papers in single quotation marks and sentence case, followed by the name of the conference proceedings in italics and title case. For proceedings accessed online, include the doi or accessed date Day Month Year and URL, or the database.
Rule: Rule: Author A (Year) ‘Title of article: subtitle of article’, Name of Conference Proceedings, volume(issue):page–page, doi:number
Example: Marekova H (2018) 'Violence as social pathology through the optics of social work', CBU International Conference Proceedings, 6:653-658, doi:10.12955/cbup.v6.1228
University theses can be sourced in hardcopy or online via repositories. Present the title of the thesis (also called a dissertation in some countries) in italics and sentence case. Describe the type of thesis, i.e. PhD or masters, and the university that awarded the degree (including its location) following the title. Reference the accessed date and URL or database or publisher.
Rule: Author A (Year) Title of thesis: subtitle of thesis [type of thesis], Name of University, accessed date Day Month Year, URL or database.
Example: Diemer MJ (2020) Placemaking and Streetscape Design: Exploring the Impacts of Tram Network Modernisation on Subjective Perception of Place Quality [PhD thesis], Monash University, accessed 1 February 2021, Bridges.
Example: Halloran JT (2018) Population dynamics in the child welfare system [PhD thesis], University of Chicago, accessed 1 February 2021, Proquest Dissertations Publishing.
Not all unit coordinators allow for the use of unit materials, such as lecture slides, in assignments. Check first to see if these resources are acceptable. The unit coordinator is usually the author unless otherwise noted. Include the type of course material in square brackets after the title (e.g. [lecture], [handout], etc). Include an accessed date Day Month Year and URL.
Rule: Author A (Year) Title of material [lecture], accessed Day Month Year, URL
Example: Allen K (2019) Week 4 Quantitative study design: Experimental studies and randomised controlled trials (RCTs) [lecture], accessed 20 April 2019. https://lms.monash.edu/course/view.php?id=47259§ion=8
We acknowledge and pay respects to the Elders and Traditional Owners of the land on which our four Australian campuses stand. Information for Indigenous Australians