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Harvard

Other sources

One author

Format

(Author's surname Year)


Author's surname (Year)

Example

This was seen in an Australian study (Couch 2017)


Couch (2017) suggests that . . .

Tips

  • List the authors names in the same order as they appear in the article.
  • Go to Getting started > In-text citation to view other examples such as multiple authors.
Rule

Use tables for exact values and information that is too detailed for the text. Use a table only if there isn't a simpler way to present your content such as a list or a diagram.


Tables should include a caption title row and column headings, information (exact values)

In-text table captions

Use Table 1, Table 2 etc to caption tables.

See the Style Manual section on tables.

Reference list

Format

Author A or Name of Agency (Year) Title of data set [data set], Name of Website, accessed DD Month YYYY. URL

Example

National Native Title Tribunal (2014) Native Title determination outcomes [data set], accessed 4 January 2020. data.gov.au/data/dataset/native-title-determination-outcomes

Tips

  • If no date, use n.d.

In-text citation

Format

A Author, personal communication, Day Month Year.


A Author, Type of Confidential Unpublished Material, Day Month Year.

Example

M Smith (personal communication, 8 February 2020) wrote . . .


The radiologist's findings were further confirmed (P Alan, radiology report, 6 March 2021) . . .

Tips

  • Don’t include an entry in the reference list.
  • Personal communication may include materials such as emails from unarchived sources, private memos or unrecorded interview conversations.
  • Confidential material may include medical charts, patient health records and other internal reports containing private information.
  • Permission from the source is necessary before paraphrasing or citing from a confidential document.