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Chicago 17th (B) Author-Date

Reference list

Your reference list in Chicago 17th (B) Author-Date style needs to include all the resources you have cited in your assessment. It is placed at the end of your work on a new page and has a specific format you need to follow.

  • Place each reference on a new line, and format with a hanging indent. Use full stops at the end of each reference.
  • Arrange references in alphabetical order by the first author's surname.
  • If the author is unknown, arrange the entry in alphabetical order by the title.
  • If you have used an acronym for an organisational author in-text, the entry must be alphabetised under that abbreviation (rather than the spelled-out name) in the reference list.
  • If there is no date for a resource, use 'n.d.' (for 'no date') in place of the publication date. Also provide an access date if it is a digital resource. You can usually omit other parts of a reference if the information is not available.
  • The Chicago Manual of Style does not require that access dates are always included in references to formally published online sources. However, students may be required to do so for their assessments. Always check your instructions.


Multiple authors and multiple references

  • For resources with two or more authors, only the first-listed name is inverted in the reference list (i.e. Surname, First Name).
  • For resources with more than ten authors, list only the first seven authors followed by et al.
  • Present multiple works by the same author chronologically in the reference list, starting with the oldest reference.
  • If the reference has the same author and year, differentiate by adding a, b, c etc after the year, and list alphabetically by title.
  • You can see examples on each resource page (e.g. books, journal articles).



Austen, Jane. 2003. Sense and Sensibility. New York: Penguin Books.

Austen, Jane. 2007. Pride and Prejudice. New York: Penguin Classics. Kindle.

Bay, Rachael A., Noah Rose, Rowan Barrett, Louis Bernatchez, Cameron K. Ghalambor, Jesse R. Lasky, Rachel B. Brem, Stephen R. Palumbi, and Peter Ralph. 2017. “Predicting Responses to Contemporary Environmental Change Using Evolutionary Response Architectures.” American Naturalist 189, no. 5 (May): 463–73.

Borel, Brooke. 2016. The Chicago Guide to Fact-Checking. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ProQuest Ebrary.

Bouman, Katie. 2016. “How to Take a Picture of a Black Hole.” Filmed November 2016 at TEDxBeaconStreet, Brookline, MA. Video, 12:51.

D’Agata, John, ed. 2016. The Making of the American Essay. Minneapolis: Graywolf Press.

Google. 2017. “Privacy Policy.” Privacy & Terms. Last modified April 17, 2017.

Grazer, Brian, and Charles Fishman. 2015. A Curious Mind: The Secret to a Bigger Life. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Keng, Shao-Hsun, Chun-Hung Lin, and Peter F. Orazem. 2017. “Expanding College Access in Taiwan, 1978–2014: Effects on Graduate Quality and Income Inequality.” Journal of Human Capital 11, no. 1 (Spring): 1–34.

Kurland, Philip B., and Ralph Lerner, eds. 1987. The Founders’ Constitution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

LaSalle, Peter. 2017. “Conundrum: A Story about Reading.” New England Review 38 (1): 95–109. Project MUSE.

Manjoo, Farhad. 2017. “Snap Makes a Bet on the Cultural Supremacy of the Camera.” New York Times, March 8, 2017.

Mead, Rebecca. 2017. “The Prophet of Dystopia.” New Yorker, April 17, 2017.

Melville, Herman. 1851. Moby-Dick; or, The Whale. New York: Harper & Brothers.

Pai, Tanya. 2017. “The Squishy, Sugary History of Peeps.” Vox, April 11, 2017.

Pegoraro, Rob. 2007. “Apple’s iPhone Is Sleek, Smart and Simple.” Washington Post, July 5, 2007. LexisNexis Academic.

Satterfield, Susan. 2016. “Livy and the Pax Deum.” Classical Philology 111, no. 2 (April): 165–76.

Smith, Zadie. 2016. Swing Time. New York: Penguin Press.

Thoreau, Henry David. 2016. “Walking.” In The Making of the American Essay, edited by John D’Agata, 167–95. Minneapolis: Graywolf Press.

Yale University. n.d. “About Yale: Yale Facts.” Accessed May 1, 2017.