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Pharmacy and pharmaceutical sciences: Referencing and EndNote

A guide to resources for pharmacy and pharmaceutical sciences

APA Publication Manual

The APA Publication Manual is currently only available in print. We hold copies at all campus library locations.

What is a DOI?

A DOI or digital object identifier is a unique identifier assigned to a scholarly piece of work, such as a journal article. Its purpose is to help with location, identification and attribution.

APA referencing requires you to include a DOI in your reference list (if one is available). Sometimes, the DOI is difficult to locate or there simply isn't one. If you have checked the tools listed below and still can't find one, follow the directions in the Citing and referencing guide for examples.


EndNote is a citation management tool that helps you create your own library where you can store and manage references. Access the software and learn how to use it via the Library's EndNote guide: