PLEASE NOTE: All sections of this APA Library Guide are based on APA 7th edition. If you are using APA 6th edition, please go to the APA 6th edition library guide. A summary of the key differences between APA 6th and 7th is available above.
APA style is an author-date citation style. It was developed mainly for use in psychology, but has also been adopted by other disciplines.
There are two major components to the APA author-date style
All in-text citations must have a corresponding reference list entry, and the converse applies for reference list entries.
This guide is based on more detailed information in:
American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000
APA Academic Writer is an online resource designed to assist in the application of APA style formatting rules. Click on Learn > Go to sample references.
Printing this guide: Please note that this guide is designed to be used online. Printing directly from pages in this guide may alter the citation formatting display.
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