PLEASE NOTE: All sections of this APA Library Guide are based on APA 7th edition. If you are using APA 6th edition, please go to the APA 6th library guide. A summary of the key differences between APA 6th and 7th is available on the APA6th library guide.
APA style is an author-date citation style. It was developed mainly for use in psychology, but has also been adopted by other disciplines.
There are two major components to the APA author-date style:
All in-text citations must have a corresponding reference list entry, and the converse applies for reference list entries.
This guide is based on more detailed information in:
American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000
APA Style and Grammar Guidelines is part of the official APA website and provides useful information and guidelines.
APA Academic Writer is an online resource designed to assist in the application of APA style formatting rules.
Printing this guide: Please note that this guide is designed to be used online. Printing directly from pages in this guide may alter the citation formatting display. Please use the printable quick guide above.