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APA 7th

Course materials

General tips

  • Not all lecturers approve the use of unit materials, such as lecture slides, in assignments. Check with your lecturer first to see if these resources are acceptable.
  • The course coordinator is usually the author, unless otherwise noted.
  • If you cannot locate a date on the document, use the abbreviation (n.d.) in place of the year.
  • Custom textbooks are usually created to support course units. They contain copies of articles or book chapters that have been published elsewhere. For more information, see the APA Website.

In-text citation

Format

(Lecturer’s surname, Year)

Example

This was seen in an Australian study (Couch, 2017).


OR


Couch (2017) suggests that . . .

Tips

  • Lecture notes are considered published if they have been copied and distributed in print or on the web with the instructor's permission.
  • Go to Getting started > In-text citation to view other examples such as multiple authors.

Reference list

Format

Lecture notes

Author, A. A. (YYYY, Month DD). Title of lecture [Lecture notes]. Site. https://xxxxxx


PowerPoints

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of powerpoint [PowerPoint slides]. Site. https://xxxxxx

Example

Cioe, J. (2012, March 14). The normal distribution: PSY1112 [Lecture notes]. Moodle. https://lms.monash.edu/my/


Cioe, J. (2012). Biological foundations of sexuality: PSY1112 [PowerPoint slides]. Moodle. https://lms.monash.edu/my/

In-text citation

Format

(Author's surname, Earlier year/Later year)

Example

. . . (Forrester & Griffiths, 2015/2017)


OR


Forrester and Griffiths (2015/2017) . . .

Tips

  • Go to Getting started > In-text citation to view other examples such as multiple authors.

Reference list

Format

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Copyright year). Title of chapter. In A. A. Editor & B. B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (Edition., pp. xxx–xxx). Publisher. (Reprinted from Title of book, (Edition., pp. xxx–xxx), by A. A. Author, & B. B. Author., Copyright year, Publisher). https://doi.org/xxxxx

Example

Forrester, K., & Griffiths, D. (2015). Refusal and withdrawal of treatment. In K. Recoche, H. Buttigieg, K. Harder, P. Schwerdtle, K. Shimoinaba, J. Tighe, L. Walker, & C. Wilson (Eds.), (2017). Professional nursing and midwifery practice (pp. 458–477). Elsevier Australia. (Reprinted from Essentials of law for health professionals, (4th ed., pp. 177–208), by K. Forrester & D. Griffiths, 2015, Mosby/Elsevier Australia).

In-text citation

Format

(Author's surname, Year)

Example

This was seen in an Australian study (Couch, 2017).


OR


Couch (2017) suggests that . . .

Tips

  • Go to Getting started > In-text citation to view other examples such as multiple authors.

Reference list

Format

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of handout [Class handout]. Publisher.

Example

Woodworth, M. (2006). Psychopaths: PSY1112 [Class handout]. Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia Okanagan.