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Research metrics and publishing: Document Metrics

Document metrics

  • citation count
  • field weighted citation impact (FWCI)
  • percentile benchmark
  • outputs in top percentiles
  • % of documents cited
  • documents in the top 1%
  • engagement metrics
    • scholarly activity online
    • scholarly commentary online
    • social activity online
    • media mentions

Books / Book chapters

Metrics for the research impact of books rely on the same citation indexes as metrics for journal articles.

Quality publishers

  • Highlight that your book has been published by a high quality, reputable publisher.
    Quality publisher lists may be compiled by funding bodies, professional associations or university faculties for their staff.

Societal or Educational impact

  • Holdings in local or international libraries
    • Worldcat : discovery service for North American and worldwide libraries
    • Trove :discovery service for Australian content and holdings of Australian libraries
  • Prizes or awards
  • Referenced in policy or practice documents   
  • University textbook included on course reading lists
  • New editions or reprints
  • Translated into other languages
  • Mentions in the media - see more on Altmetrics

 Book Reviews

  • Books published by quality publishers attract reviews in quality journals.  Monash researchers can contact their Faculty Research Office for a list of quality book publishers.
  • Use the Library’s Search catalogue to find reviews of books in any discipline. 
  • Search Australian Book Review collection online.


  • Number of sales
  • Local and international sellers
  • Bestseller lists


  • Ask for statistics on downloads or loans of a particular title from selected libraries.

Springer publishers offer Bookmetrix for Springer books / book chapters. Bookmetrix provides the number of citations, downloads, book reviews, readers, and the number of online mentions in policy documents, news outlets, Wikipedia entries and social media networks. For more information, see Bookmetrix: Explore the Impact of Your Books!

Journal articles / Conference papers

Citation metrics

Citation Counts

Tools to use: Scopus, SciVal, Web of Science, Google Scholar

Outputs in Top Percentiles

Tool to use: SciVal

Field-Weighted Citation Impact

Tool to use: SciVal

Percentile Benchmarks

Tool to use: Scopus

Documents in the Top 1%

Tool to use: InCites Essential Science Indicators.

% of Documents Cited

Tool to use: InCites

Alternative measures / Indicators

Some publishers provide article level usage/engagement data such as the number of times an article has been viewed, downloaded or shared in addition to citation counts.
Depending on the publisher there may be a distinction between the engagement activity of an article by the scholarly community such as with academic tools like Mendeley or an academic/research blog as opposed to mentions in general social media or mass media..
See some examples below.


Scopus Article Level Metrics