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Citing and referencing: Websites

A guide to the styles recommended by Monash schools and departments for students and researchers

Websites

Entire website

Format Last nameFirst nameName of site. Publisher or sponsor of site, date of publication (if available), URL.
Example

Felluga, Dino. Introductory Guide to Critical Theory. Purdue University, 31 Jan. 2011www.cla.purdue.edu/english/theory/.

"Literary Analysis: Using Elements of Literature." Roanne State Community College, www.roanestate.edu/owl/elementslit.html. Accessed 28 Oct. 2016.

Explanation

Including the date of access is optional. MLA strongly recommends including it if the source provides no date specifying when it was produced or published. The second example above shows a website that does not have a publication date, so the date of access is used instead. Note that the placement of the two dates is different.

The publisher's name can often be found in a copyright notice at the bottom of the homepage or on a page that gives information about the site. If the author is not known, or is the same as the publisher, then list it only once (see second example).

Do not include https:// when listing a URL. If a "permalink" or DOI is available, include it instead as it is a more stable link to the resource.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A page on a website

Format

Last nameFirst name. "Title of webpage". Name of website. Publisher or sponsor of site, date of publication (if available), URL.

Example

Howard, Cerise. "2012 Fribourg International Film Festival." Australian Film Critics Association. Australian Film Critics Association, 11 Aug. 2012, www.afca.org.au/2012-fribourg-int-ff.html.

Explanation

The example page has a publication date, so the access date has been omitted from the reference.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A discussion thread

Format Last nameFirst name. "Posting title." Name of site, Publisher or sponsor of the site, Date of Publication, URL.
Example

Niko2. "serial comma / oxford comma." WordReference Language Forums, 10 Apr. 2007, forum.wordreference.com/threads/serial-comma-oxford-comma.458480/.

Explanation

In the above example, the name of the site is the same as the publisher, so it is only listed once.