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Citing and referencing: Television/Radio Broadcast

A guide to the styles recommended by Monash schools and departments for students and researchers

Television or Radio Broadcast

Episode of a television show on DVD

Format

"Title of Episode." Title of Series, director's name, season number, episode number, distributor's name, date of release, disc number.

Example

 

"The Trip." Seinfeld, directed by Tom Cherones, season 4, episode 10, NVC, 12 Aug. 1992.

“Once More with Feeling.” Buffy the Vampire Slayer, directed by Joss Whedon, season 6, episode 7, Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment, 2006.

"Episode One." Downton Abbey, directed by Brian Percival, series 1, episode 1, Carnival Films, 2010, disc 1.

Explanation

If the show is discussed in a general way, without focusing on an individual's contribution, do not cite an author, but instead start the reference with the title of the episode (as demonstrated above).

If the episode does not have a season or episode number, simply omit the information.

Including information about the director and other key participants is optional, as shown in the second example.

Include disc number if applicable, as shown in the third example above.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Full television series (whole season) on DVD

Format

Title of Series. Creator's name, contributor's name, season number, distributor's name, date of release.

Example

Friends: The Complete Sixth Season. written by Andrew Reich and Ted Cohen, directed by Kevin Bright, NBC, 10 Feb. 2000. Warner Brothers, 2004.

Buffy the Vampire Slayer. created by Joss Whedon, performance by Sarah Michelle Gellar, season 4, Mutant Enemy, 1999.

Gellar, Sarah Michelle, performer. Buffy the Vampire Slayer. Mutant Enemy, 1997-2003.

Explanation

If your discussion focuses on one participant, list them as the author (see third example).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Live television or radio broadcast

Format

"Title of Episode or segment." Title of Series or Program, director's name, contributor's name, season number, episode number, distributor's name, date of airing.

Example

 

Marock, directed by Laila Marrakchi, performance by Morjana Alaoui, Mathieu Boujenah and Assas Bouab, SBS, 18 Dec. 2012.

"Summer Movies with Julia Rigg." Breakfast, ABC, 18 Jan. 2012.

Explanation

If the episode or segment does not have a season or episode number, simply omit the information.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Television show streamed from online source

Format

"Title of Episode." Title of Series or Program, director's name, season number, episode number, distributor's name, date of release. Name of service provider, URL.

Example

"Under the Gun." Pretty Little Liars, season 4, episode 6, ABC Family, 16 Jul. 2013. Hulu, www.hulu.com/watch/511318.

"The Last Frontier." Frozen Planet, narrated by Richard Attenborough, episode 6, BBC, 30 Nov. 2011. Kanope, http://monash.kanopystreaming.com.ezproxy.lib.monash.edu.au/video/frozen-planet.

Explanation

If the show is discussed in a general way, without focusing on an individual's contribution to it, typically cites no author.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Television news broadcast (Online video database)

Format

"Title of source." Title of Program, contributor's name, distributor's name, date of release. Database, URL.

Example

“Ecuador to rule on Assange asylum bid.” Lateline, narrated by Emma Alberici, ABC 1 Melbourne, 21 Jun. 2012. TVNews, http://search.informit.com.au.ezproxy.lib.monash.edu.au/documentSummary;res=TVNEWS;dn=TEV20122506868.

“This government has been dishonest, incompetent and should go but what exactly is the alternative offered by the Liberal? ” The Bolt Report, Ten Network, 26 May 2013. TVNews, http://search.informit.com.au.ezproxy.lib.monash.edu.au/documentSummary;res=TVNEWS;dn=TSM201305260107.

Explanation

If contributors are not available, omit that portion of the citation.