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Citing and referencing: Newspapers

A guide to the styles recommended by Monash schools and departments for students and researchers

Article in a Newspaper

Cite a newspaper article as you would a journal article, note the different pagination in a newspaper some articles do not run sequentially. If there is more than one edition available for that date (an early or late edition of a newspaper), identify the edition following the date (e.g. 21 May 2012, late ed.)

Anonymous articles

Cite the article title first, complete the citation as you would for any other article of that kind.

Newspapers

A newspaper article

Format Last name, First name. "Title of Article." Title of Newspaper, day month year, page range of article.
Example

Litson, Jo. “Pulse of the Times.” The Australian, 7 May 2004, p. 17.

Smith, John.”Steelers win Super Bowl XLIII.” Star-Ledger [Newark]. 2 Feb. 2009, pp. 4-6.

Explanation

 

For publication dates, abbreviate all months to the first three letters (e.g. Oct.), except for September (which should be Sept.).

If the newspaper is a less well-known or local publication, include the city name in brackets after the title of the newspaper, as seen in the second example above.

 

A newspaper article (online)

Format Last name, First name. "Title of Article." Title of Newspaper, day month year, page range of article, URL

Example

Wilson-Clark, Charlie. "Computers ranked as key literacy." The West Australian, 29 Mar. 2004, p. 3, thewest.com.au.

Explanation

When including URLs in a citation, omit http:// and https:// from the website address.

When a source carries more than one date, use the most relevant one. For example, if you are citing an article available online that is also available in print, use the date of the online version of the article (for more information, see p. 43 of the MLA Handbook).

A newspaper article (online) no page number

Format Last name, First name. "Title of Article." Title of Newspaper, day month year, URL

Example

Battersby, Lucy. "HBO series filmed in Melbourne, as government incentives and low dollar work in Australia's favour." The Sydney Morning Herald, 12 Sept. 2016, smh.com.au/business/media-and-marketing/hbo-series-filmed-in-melbourne-as-government-incentives-and-low-dollar-work-in-australias-favour-20160909-grcy2d.html.

Explanation

​When including URLs in a citation, omit http:// and https:// from the website address.

If page numbers are not available, omit that portion of the citation.

A newspaper article (online from a database)

Format Last name, First name. "Title of Article." Title of Newspaper, day month year, page range of article. Database, URL.

Example

MacDonald, Gayle. “Why She Slays us Fans and Academics Alike Argue that Buffy the Vampire Slayer has Depths of Symbolic Meaning Rarely Seen on Television.” Globe and Mail, 22 Jan. 2002, metro ed., R1. Factiva, global.factiva.com.ezproxy.lib.monash.edu.au/redir/default.aspx?P=sa&NS=18&AID=9MON001700&an=glob000020020122dy1m0002m&cat=a&ep=ASI.

Explanation

​Databases contain many articles from a range of newspapers. In the example above, the name of the newspaper is Globe and Mail, and it can be found in the database Factiva. In most instances, you will access a newspaper article through an online database, although you can also access them directly through the newspaper's online homepage.

A newspaper article that does not have consecutive page numbers

Format Last name, First name. "Title of Article." Title of Newspaper, day month year, first page of article.

Example

Yeates, Clancy and Dan Harrison. "Swan Admits Surplus Unlikely." The Age, 20 Dec. 2012, pp. 3+.

Explanation

​For example, an article might begin on page 3, then skip to page 14. In this instance, record only the first page number and a plus sign +, leaving no intervening space.

An Editorial or Letter to the Editor

Format

 

Last name, First name. "Title of Editorial." Editorial. Title of Newspaper, day month year, page range of article.

Last name, First name. Letter. Title of Newspaper, day month year, page range of article.

Example

Hutton, Abraham. “UCF Needs to Abandon Football Program.” Editorial. Central Florida Press, 3 Mar. 2017, pp. A28.

Bernard, Cathy. Letter, New York Times, 22 Oct. 2013, nytimes.com/2013/10/27/travel/letters-to-the-editor.html?_r=0.

Explanation

​Include "Editorial" or "Letter" to clarify the type of work it is.

If author is not available, omit that portion of the citation.

If page numbers are not available, omit that portion of the citation.

If the editorial or letter are online include the URL, see the second example above.