Skip to content

Citing and referencing: CSIRO

A guide to the styles recommended by Monash schools and departments for students and researchers

CSIRO style

CSIRO style is an author-date citation style, developed by the CSIRO. The examples in this guide are based on the Australian Journal of Botany referencing style, published by the CSIRO.

There are two major components to the CSIRO author-date style - the in-text author-date citation within the text of the document, e.g. (Smith 2010), and the detailed reference list at the end of the document.

Printing this guide: Please note printing directly from pages in this guide may alter the citation formatting display. Please refer to pdf version below.


General notes

  • Important: Carefully check your assignment instructions, or with your lecturer, for any specific referencing requirements.
  • Each reference should have a hanging indent. See example reference list for spacing.
  • All of the references in the reference list must be cited in the text. All references cited in text must be included in the reference list.
  • List the references in alphabetical order by author surname/family name according to the first listed author. (Note: the order of the authors on a document is important, do not rearrange them.)
  • Do not add dot/bullet points to the references in the reference list.
  • Where there are two articles with the same authors and date, order the references alphabetically by article title and add a letter suffix to the year of publication (e.g. 2003a, 2003b...).
  • Provide organisation names in full, unless they are recognisable as abbreviations (e.g. CSIRO for Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation).
  • Do not add full stops to URLs (e.g. .
  • In an article, chapter or book title, capitalise only the first word of the title and of the subtitle, if any, and any proper nouns.
  • Species names should be italicised (e.g. E. coli ).
  • Check the reference details against the actual source - you are indicating that you have read that source when you cite it.
  • Be consistent with your referencing style across the document.