Important note: We are currently trialling a new version of a Vancouver citing and referencing guide, based on the 2020 American Medical Association (AMA) Manual of Style,11th ed. This new guide can be found in the Vancouver 2022 tab.
We plan to decommision this guide, based on an earlier version of Vancouver, on the 10th of July 2023 as the AMA guide contains more up-to-date information, particularly for online sources. Please provide feedback and suggestions for this planned change by emailing email@example.com
Vancouver is a numbered referencing style commonly used in medicine and science, and consists of:
It follows rules established by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, now maintained by the U.S. National Library of Medicine. It is also known as Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts submitted to Biomedical Journals.
This guide is modeled on Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers (2nd edition). You may wish to consult this source directly for additional information or examples.
Printing this guide: Please note that printing directly from pages in this guide may alter the citation formatting display. A printable document is available below. Note that this document is adapted from this online guide and does not contain all information and examples. Please use it in conjunction with the online guide which is more regularly updated.
Please check with your faculty for any specific referencing or formatting requirements
Referencing your own appendices in your own text:
Referencing appendices not written by you: