Citing and referencing: Websites

A guide to the styles recommended by Monash schools and departments for students and researchers


Entire website

Format Last name, First name. Name of site. Publisher or sponsor of site, date of publication (if available), URL.

Felluga, Dino. Introductory Guide to Critical Theory. Purdue University, 31 Jan. 2011,

"Literary Analysis: Using Elements of Literature." Roanne State Community College, Accessed 28 Oct. 2016.


Including the date of access is optional. MLA strongly recommends including it if the source provides no date specifying when it was produced or published. The second example above shows a website that does not have a publication date, so the date of access is used instead. Note that the placement of the two dates is different.

The publisher's name can often be found in a copyright notice at the bottom of the homepage or on a page that gives information about the site. If the author is not known, or is the same as the publisher, then list it only once (see second example).

Do not include https:// when listing a URL. If a "permalink" or DOI is available, include it instead as it is a more stable link to the resource.














A page on a website


Last nameFirst name. "Title of webpage". Name of website. Publisher or sponsor of site, date of publication (if available), URL.


Howard, Cerise. "2012 Fribourg International Film Festival." Australian Film Critics Association. Australian Film Critics Association, 11 Aug. 2012,


The example page has a publication date, so the access date has been omitted from the reference.









A discussion thread

Format Last name, First name. "Posting title." Name of site, Publisher or sponsor of the site, Date of Publication, URL.

Niko2. "serial comma / oxford comma." WordReference Language Forums, 10 Apr. 2007,


In the above example, the name of the site is the same as the publisher, so it is only listed once.