Citing and referencing: Recommended styles

A guide to the styles recommended by Monash schools and departments for students and researchers

Note on preferred Styles

 All efforts have been made to ensure the information on this page is correct. If unsure please check your unit guide or ask your coordinator/supervisor for confirmation.

Art, Design and Architecture

 

Department Recommended style Links
Architecture   Chicago 17th edition Citing and Referencing Library Guide - Chicago
Fine Arts Turabian footnote - bibliography Citing and referencing Library Guide - Turabian footnote - bibliography 
Design Turabian author - date Citing and Referencing Library Guide - Turabian author - date

Arts

School / Centre

Department

Recommended style

Links

Centre for Ancient Cultures Ancient Cultures Citing and Referencing for Archaeology and Ancient History (Guide) See Citing and Referencing for Archaeology and Ancient History Guide on Moodle
Centre for Theatre and Performance Theatre and Performance studies MLA

Citing and Referencing Library Guide - MLA

Languages, Literatures Cultures and Linguistics Literary studies Use any footnote / endnote style consistently

Citing and Referencing Library Guide - Chicago

Languages, Literatures Cultures and Linguistics Linguistics APA style Citing and Referencing Library Guide - APA
Media, Film and Journalism Communication and media studies Use any footnote / endnote style consistently

Citing and Referencing Library Guide - Chicago

Media, Film and Journalism Film and Screen studies MLA

Citing and Referencing Library Guide - MLA

School of Music Music Sir Zelman Cowen School of Music Referencing Guide Music Referencing Guide (pdf)
Philosophical, Historical and International Studies History Footnotes Check your unit guide for requirements. History Library Guide: Citing and Referencing
Philosophical, Historical and International Studies Philosophy and Bioethics no particular style recommended, check with tutor/supervisor and be consistent. General paraphrasing, summarising and quoting tips
Philosophical, Historical and International Studies Religious studies Harvard preferred. May use footnote / endnote following guide for History students Citing and Referencing Library Guide - Harvard
Philosophical, Historical and International Studies Philosophy Modified Harvard Citing and Referencing Library Guide - Harvard
Social Sciences Anthropology Harvard (author / date) Citing and Referencing Library Guide - Harvard for Anthropology
Social Sciences Behavioural studies Harvard Check your unit guide for requirements. For writing tips, see Research & Learning Online: Writing
Social Sciences Politics & international relations Use footnote or endnote style consistently. Check with supervisor/lecturer. Check your unit guide and Library Guide for Politics and International Relations: Writing
Social Sciences Sociology Harvard (author / date) Citing and Referencing Library Guide - Harvard
Social Sciences Women's and gender studies APA  Citing and Referencing Library Guide - APA

Business and Economics

 

Department Recommended style Links
Accounting & Finance
Economics
Econometrics & Business Statistics
Marketing
Management
APA See: Section 3.2 of the Student Q Manual (Moodle, Monash access only)
Business Law & Taxation APA/AGLC See:
Section 3.2 of the Student Q Manual (Moodle, Monash access only),
See also: Law Library Citing legal references

See also: Australian Guide to Legal Citation (pdf 3mb), 3rd ed, Melbourne University Law Review Association, 2010

Education

 

Recommended style
APA

Engineering

 

Department Recommended style Links
Chemical Engineering Use any style consistently  
Civil Engineering Harvard Harvard Style
Electrical and Computer Systems Engineering IEEE IEEE Style
Mechanical Engineering Use any style consistently  
Materials engineering AIP American Institute of Physics (AIP) style

Information Technology

 

School / Centre Recommended style Links

All Faculty of Information Technology masters coursework and undergraduate units should use the American Psychological Association (APA) Style Guide
Note: some unit lecturers may instead specify Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) Style Manual

View the IT Faculty style guide for more details.

APA


IEEE
American Psychological Association (APA) style examples

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) style examples

Law

 

Recommended style

Australian Guide to Legal Citation (AGLC3) 
(Melbourne University Law Review Association, 3rd ed, 2010)

Available online (pdf view only) or there are print copies available at Law Library Ref (A114 M517A 2010) and at other branch libraries.

Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences

 

School / Centre Department Recommended style Links
School of Biomedical Science Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Vancouver  See Journal of biological chemistry instructions to authors
School of Biomedical Science Microbiology

Vancouver

School of Medical Imaging and Radiographic Sciences Vancouver
Harvard
For Bachelor of Radiography and Medical Imaging. In years one and two of your course you will be asked to reference using a modified Harvard style. In later years you may be asked to reference according to the Vancouver style. This is the guide approved by the School. Check your unit guide for requirements. Download amended Endnote referencing styles to format the references according to the School's preferred versions.
School of Medicine

Vancouver

APA

Harvard

Vancouver - Download amended Endnote referencing styles to format the references according to the School's preferred versions.

See also: Examples from International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)

of Nursing and Midwifery APA

School of Primary Health Care

  • Occupational Therapy
  • Physiotherapy
     
  • Social Work

     
  • Community Emergency Health and Paramedic Practice
     
  • General Practice

APA


Harvard

Vancouver or APA


Vancouver

School of Psychology, Psychiatry and Psychological Medicine Psychology APA
Central Clinical School Vancouver
Department of Nutrition, Dietetics and Food Vancouver You will be asked to reference using a modified Vancouver style. This is the guide approved by the Department. Check your unit guide for requirements.

Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

 

Recommended style

Pharmacy: APA, Vancouver

Pharmaceutical Sciences: APA, Vancouver

Science

 

School Recommended style Links
Biological Sciences CSIRO style  
Chemistry Use any style consistently Citing and Referencing Library Guide
Earth, Atmosphere and Environment Use any style consistently  
Mathematical Sciences Use any style consistently Citing and Referencing Library Guide
Physics Harvard Citing and Referencing library guide - Harvard