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Citing and referencing: Speeches/Broadcasts/Audiovisual/Music scores

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Speeches/broadcasts/ audiovisual/music scores

Broadcast speech

Reference list

Bryce, Q 2012, Address to the Samoan parliament, online video, viewed 5 June 2012, http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/international/2012-04-02/australian-gg-makes-historic-speech-in-samoa/788998

Paraphrasing - Author prominent

Bryce's (2012) speech to the Samoan parliament was the first by a head of state since 1962.
Paraphrasing - Information prominent The role of women in politics was a key theme in the speech and coincided with debates in Samoa on the issue (Bryce 2012).
Quoting - Author prominent

Bryce (2012, min.1:15) asserts that 'a key aspect of an effective democracy is the empowerment of women'.
*pinpoint the quote

Quoting - Information prominent 'I congratulate Samoa on the steps being taken to increase the number of women in this parliament' (Bryce 2012, min.1:22).
*pinpoint the quote

 

 

Transcript/text of a speech

Reference list

Obama, B 2012, 'Address to America Israel Public Affairs Committee', transcript, The Guardian, 4 March, viewed 22 May 2012, http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/mar/04/obama-aipac-speech-read-text

Paraphrasing - Author prominent

Obama (2012) again signalled strong support for Israel.
Paraphrasing - Information prominent The threat to nuclear non-proliferation posed by Iran was discussed at some length (Obama 2012).
Quoting - Author prominent

Obama (2012, p. 3 of 6) reiterated the American government‟s position on Israel; 'we have continued to insist that any Palestinian partner must recognise Israel's right to exist'.

*pinpoint the quote

Quoting - Information prominent

A clear statement that „the United States and Israel both assess that Iran does not yet have a nuclear weapon‟ (Obama 2010, p. 4 of 6) did little to allay fears.

*pinpoint the quote

 

 

Radio broadcast

Reference list

Miller, G & Stapleton, R 2012, Birdland, radio program, ABC Radio National, 14 January.
*producer, presenter, sound engineer etc as authors as relevant

Paraphrasing - Author prominent

Miller and Stapleton (2012) collated bird sounds, music, poetry and documentary in this program.
Paraphrasing - Information prominent The contributors to the program shared their love of Australian birds through poetry and music (Miller & Stapleton 2012).
Quoting - Author prominent Miller and Stapleton (2012, min.1:33) chose from among ‟almost 400 pieces‟ to produce the program.
*pinpoint the quote
Quoting - Information prominent

The program is a response to questions of the role of birds in „our individual sense of self‟ (Miller & Stapleton 2012, min. 1:17)
*pinpoint the quote

 

Transcript, radio, online

Reference list

Mitchell, N & Miller, G 2005, 'The Marco Polo of neuroscience: V S Ramachandran', All in the mind, radio transcript, ABC Radio National, 7 May, viewed 9 February 2012, http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/allinthemind/the-marco-polo-of-neuroscience-vs-ramachandran/3440754
*program episode in quote marks, program title in italics

Paraphrasing - Author prominent

Ramachandran was interviewed (Mitchell & Miller 2005) about his views on neuroscience and art.
Paraphrasing - Information prominent A number of controversial claims are proposed (Mitchell & Miller 2005).
Quoting - Author prominent In a radio interview (Mitchell & Miller 2005, para. 20), Ramachandran claims that in 'the entire history of the human species most of the art is highly distorted, exaggerated, even abstract'.
*pinpoint the quote
Quoting - Information prominent

'When you explain something in terms of component parts you enrich your understanding a bit you certainly don't diminish from the experience' (Mitchell & Miller 2005, para. 10)
*pinpoint the quote

 

Television broadcast

Reference list

Hickey, J (series producer) 2011, 'Episode 1', Immigration nation: the secret life of us, television program, SBS, 28 January

Paraphrasing - Author prominent

Hickey (2011) shows that Australia is multicultural despite historical efforts to prevent this.
Paraphrasing - Information prominent Until the 1930s, Australian governments explicitly pursued a white Australia policy in a variety of ways (Hickey 2011).
Quoting - Author prominent *if possible, use an online version with closed captions for quotes
Quoting - Information prominent

*if possible, use an online version with closed captions for quotes

 

Transcript, television, online

Reference list

Clark, T & Ryan, J 2000, 'Episode 1: keeping the faith', In the mind of the architect, television transcript, ABC TV, viewed 9 February 2012, http://www.abc.net.au/arts/architecture/ep_trn1.htm
*program episode in quote marks, program title in italics

Paraphrasing - Author prominent

Clark & Ryan (2000) survey perceptions of the role of architecture.
Paraphrasing - Information prominent Architects are portrayed as collaborative (Clark & Ryan 2000).
Quoting - Author prominent Sean Godsell (Clark & Ryan 2000, p. 18 of 20) asserts 'the client is the essential catalyst'.
*pinpoint the quote
Quoting - Information prominent

The spiritual dimension of the High Court was captured in its architecture: 'a very pleasant place to work, but it was also to have the symbolic reflection of access to justice, openness and transparency' (Clark & Ryan 2000, p. 5 of 20).
*pinpoint the quote

 

Podcast or vodcast

Reference list

Monash Postgraduate Association 2011, 'Plagiarism', Compass online: winter, podcast, viewed 12 December 2011, http://mpa.monash.edu.au/compass-archives/Winter11/podcast.html
*insert ‘podcast’ or ‘vodcast’ as appropriate.

Paraphrasing - Author prominent

Monash Postgraduate Association (2011) discusses types of plagiarism and associated university policy and processes.
Paraphrasing - Information prominent Clear guidelines are provided on what the University considers plagiarism (Monash Postgraduate Association 2011).
Quoting - Author prominent Monash Postgraduate Association (2011, sec. 00:34) defines the term as 'passing off somebody else's work as your own'.
*pinpoint the quote
Quoting - Information prominent

Plagiarism 'can be inadvertent or it can be intentional' according to Monash Postgraduate Association (2011, sec. 00:41).
*pinpoint the quote

 

Music score

*music scores are referenced in the same way as books.

Reference list

Sculthorpe, P 1982, Mountains, Faber, London.

Paraphrasing - Author prominent

Sculthorpe's (Faber 1982) Mountains was composed for the Sydney International Piano Competition.
Paraphrasing - Information prominent Jagged melodic phrases in the upper register symbolise the peaks of mountains (Sculthorpe 1982)
Quoting - Author prominent *if you reproduce musical notation in your work you must provide a caption and citation as shown in Appendix A
Quoting - Information prominent

*if you reproduce musical notation in your work you must provide a caption and citation as shown in Appendix A

 

 

Music score transcription

Reference list

Ellington, D 2005, Purple Gazelle, Jazz at Lincoln Center Library, Alfred Publishing, California.
*include the name of the series

Paraphrasing - Author prominent

Ellington's (Alfred 2005) Purple Gazelle was transcribed by Paul Berger.
Paraphrasing - Information prominent Berger's transcriptions contribute to the increasing jazz literacy of high school jazz bands (Ellington 2005).
Quoting - Author prominent *if you reproduce musical notation in your work you must provide a caption and citation as shown in Appendix A
Quoting - Information prominent

*if you reproduce musical notation in your work you must provide a caption and citation as shown in Appendix A

 

 

Edited music score or Critical edition

Reference list

Pauer, M (ed.) n.d., L van Beethoven: Concerto for piano and orchestra No.5, op.72, Edition Peters, London.
*n.d. for ‘no date’ for this particular edition
*retain punctuation of author names in source

Paraphrasing - Author prominent

van Beethoven's (Pauer ed., n.d.) concerto No 5 begins dramatically.
Paraphrasing - Information prominent Complex structures and themes interweave through the concerto (van Beethoven n.d.).
Quoting - Author prominent *if you reproduce musical notation in your work you must provide a caption and citation as shown in Appendix A
Quoting - Information prominent

*if you reproduce musical notation in your work you must provide a caption and citation as shown in Appendix A

 

 

Film

Reference list

Murnau, FW (dir) 1922, Nosferatu, DVD, Eureka Video, London.
*use ‘motion picture’, ‘DVD’ or ‘videorecording’ as appropriate

Paraphrasing - Author prominent

Murnau's (dir. 1922) silent film, Nosferatu, remains a powerful and iconic horror film.
Paraphrasing - Information prominent As an early example of German expressionist film, Nosferatu employs a range of cinematic effects manipulating the sense of time (Murnau dir. 1922).
Quoting - Author prominent Murnau (dir. 1922, min. 26:35) generated a frisson of fear through the juxtaposition of apparently ordinary lines as 'I will be in a very deep sleep indeed' with the imagery of decay.
*pinpoint the quote
Quoting - Information prominent

Melodramatic lines such as 'her soul had heard the call of the death bird' (Murnau dir. 1922, min. 36:50) were calculated to generate poignancy in the face of impending horror.
*pinpoint the quote