The IEEE Style requires certain information in a Reference List to be abbreviated. This page lists some of these standard abbreviations. The IEEE Reference Guide (2022) provides further information, and is referred to throughout this page.
Used for sources including standards, periodicals and journals, patents, and websites.
Books, reports, conferences, and theses do not require month abbreviations.
IEEE abbreviations for each month are: Jan., Feb., Mar., Apr., May, June, July, Aug., Sept., Oct., Nov., Dec.
Journals issued every two months (i.e. Bimonthly): Aug./Sept. 2019
Journals issued every four months (i.e. Quarterly): July–Sept. 2019
Refer to section IV of the IEEE Reference Guide for common abbreviated words used in IEEE.
Journal Title Abbreviations:
Refer to section K (pp. 12-15) of the IEEE Reference Guide for Journal Titles.
Refer to IEEE's Magazine Titles and Abbreviations.
Conference Proceeding Abbreviations:
Refer to section IV of the IEEE Reference Guide for common abbreviated words used for Conference Proceedings.
Abbreviate common words (e.g. 'Information Science and Technology' is abbreviated to 'Infom. Sci. and Technology').
Abbreviate conference terms (e.g. 'International Conference' is abbreviated to 'Int. Conf'.)
Written numbers in the conference proceeding title are converted to numerical representation (e.g. 'Fifth Conference' is abbreviated to '5th Conf.')
Use acronyms in the conference title if provided (e.g. 'Numerical Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices' is abbreviated to 'NUSOD')
Remove articles and prepositions (e.g. 'of the', 'on') from a conference title.
Full Title: 'Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Numerical Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices (NUSOD)'
Abbreviated Title: 'Proc. 16th Int. Conf. NUSOD'
Refer to section O of the IEEE Reference Guide for common word abbreviations (including Department names).
Abbreviate the name of the University only if you know the correct abbreviation.
Abbreviate the State for place of publication details, if the work originated from United States of America.