Citing and referencing: Reference List: Standard Abbreviations

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IEEE Resources:

Reference List: Standard Abbreviations

The IEEE Style requires certain information in a Reference List to be abbreviated. This page lists some of these standard abbreviations. Information about standard abbreviations not covered in this Guide can be found in IEEE's Reference Guide (2022).

Month Abbreviations:

Used for sources including standards, patents, and websites. Books, reports, conferences, and theses do not require month abbreviations.

IEEE abbreviations for each month are: Jan., Feb., Mar., Apr., May, June, July, Aug., Sept., Oct., Nov., Dec.

Journals issued every two months (i.e. Bimonthly): Aug./Sept. 2019

Journals issued every four months (i.e. Quarterly): July–Sept. 2019

Word Abbreviations:

The IEEE Reference Guide contains a list of common abbreviated words.

Journal Title Abbreviations:

Use the CAS Source Index (CASSI) Tool to generate the appropriate abbreviation for a journal.

For IEEE Journals and Transactions, refer to IEEE's Journal Title and Abbreviations list.

For an IEEE Magazine, refer to IEEE's Magazine Titles and Abbreviations list.

Conference Proceeding Abbreviations:

Abbreviate common words as per the IEEE Reference Guide's list of common abbreviated words (e.g. 'Information Science and Technology' is abbreviated to 'Inform. Sci. and Technology')

Abbreviate conference terms as per the IEEE Reference Guide's list of common abbreviated words (e.g. 'International Conference' is abbreviated to 'Int. Conf.')

Written numbers in the conference proceeding title are converted to numerical representation (e.g. 'Fifth Conference' is abbreviated to '5th Conf.')

Use acronyms in the conference title if provided (e.g. 'NUSOD')

Articles and prepositions (e.g. 'of the', 'on') are removed from a conference title when it is abbreviated. Example:

Full Title: 'Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Numerical Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices (NUSOD)'
Abbreviated Title: 'Proc. 16th Int. Conf. NUSOD'

Theses/Dissertation Abbreviations:

Abbreviate common words (including Department names) as per the IEEE Reference Guide's list of common abbreviated words.

Abbreviate the name of the University only if you know the correct abbreviation.

Abbreviate the State for place of publication details, if the work originated from United States of America.