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Citing and referencing: Journals/Periodicals

A guide to the styles recommended by Monash schools and departments for students and researchers

Scholarly Journals/Periodicals

Notes:

  • Follow these examples closely for all layout, punctuation, spacing and capitalizing.
  • There is no need to include the retrieval date.
  • Do not write "p" before the page number.
  • Do not write "vol" before the volume number but italicize the number.
  • Include the issue number if it is available. Do not include the issue number for journals with continuous
    pagination (ie. the page numbers of each issue, follow on from the page numbers of the previous issue).
  • Do not italicize the issue number but put it in brackets. Leave no space between volume and issue number.
  • For electronic articles that do not have issue or page numbers an article number may be included if there is one. The DOI remains the primary identifier.
  • Diagram of referencing elements

 

Digital Object Identification (DOI) and URLs

The digital object identifier (DOI) is a unique identifier, and should be provided in the reference where it is available. This alphanumeric string is usually located on the first page with other referencing elements in both print and electronic articles. More recent electronic journal articles will be displayed as permanent URL's.

Examples of DOIs

  •   doi: 10.1111/jan.12128
  •   doi: 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2011.09.026
  •   http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1530-0277.2011.01717.x
  •   doi: S0034-71672012000500020

If no DOI is available for an electronic article, provide the URL information in the reference (usually the home page for the journal).

For help on how to locate the homepage of a journal, have a look at the document called 'Do I use the DOI or the URL?'

Reference list examples:

Journal Article with One Author 

Format

Author, A. A. (year of publication). Title of article. Journal Title, volume number(issue number), page–page. doi:xxxx

Reference List

Matney, G. T. (2014). Early mathematics fluency with CCSSM. Teaching Children Mathematics, 21(1), 27-35.

 

Two to seven authors

Format

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year of publication). Title of article. Journal Title, volume number(issue number), page–page. doi:xxxx

When a reference has up to seven authors, spell out all authors' names in the reference list

Reference list   

Hadgkiss, E. J., & Renzaho, A. M. (2014). The physical health status, service utilisation and barriers to accessing care for asylum seekers residing in the community: A systematic review of the literature. Australian Health Review, 38, 142-159. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/AH13113

 

Eight or more authors

Format

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year of publication). Title of article. Journal Title, volume number(issue number), page–page. doi:xxxx

When an article has more than 7 authors, type the first 6 authors' names followed by an ellipsis (...) then the last author's name.

Reference

Wolchik, S. A., West, S. G., Sandler, I. N., Tein, J., Coatsworth, D., Lengua, L., ...Griffin, W. A. (2000). An experimental evaluation of theory-based mother and mother-child programs for children of divorce. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68, 843–856. doi:10.1037//0022-006X.68.5.843

 

If the article has no DOI, use the URL of the homepage of the journal

For help on how to locate the homepage of a journal, have a look at the document called 'Do I use the DOI or the URL?'

Format

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year of publication). Title of article. Journal Title, volume number(issue number), page–page. Retrieved from URL.

Reference List

Trankle, S. A., & Haw, J. (2009). Predicting Australian health behaviour from health beliefs. Electronic Journal of Applied Psychology, 5(2), 9–17. Retrieved from http://ojs.lib.swin.edu.au/index.php/ejap/

 

Electronic article with no issue or page numbers

Format

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year of publication). Title of article. Journal Title, volume number, document number (if available). doi:xxxx

Reference List

Forero, R., McDonnell, G., Gallego, B., McCarthy, S., Mohsin, M., Shanley, C.,  ...Hillman, K. (2012). A literature review on care at the end-of-life in the emergency department. Emergency Medicine International, 2012, 486516. doi:10.1155/2012/486516

 

Print Article with no DOI

Format

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year of publication). Title of article. Journal Title, volume number(issue number), page–page.

Reference List

Crowden, A. (2008). Professional boundaries and the ethics of dual and multiple overlapping relationships in psychotherapy. Monash Bioethics Review, 27(4), 10–27.

 

Article from the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

Articles may be published in database form, however they function as part of an online journal. Numered issues are published 12 times a year and each article has a DOI. Year of publication doubles as a volume number. If there are page numbers include them after the issue number as per normal.

Format

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year of publication). Title of article. Database name, year(issue number). doi:xxxx

Reference List

Winter, J., Hunter, S., Sim, J., & Crome, P. (2011). Hands-on therapy interventions for upper limb motor dysfunction following stroke. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2011(6). doi:10.1002/14651858.CD006609.pub.2

Diagram of Referencing Elements