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Citing and referencing: Tables and Figures

A guide to the styles recommended by Monash schools and departments for students and researchers

Tables and Figures

Follow these examples closely for all layout, punctuation, spacing, capitalizing and italicizing.

When including a figure or a table from another source in your work, it is important to include appropriate citations.
1. Tables are numerical values or text displayed in rows and columns.

2. Figures are other illustrations such as graphs, charts, maps, drawings, photographs etc.

3. All Tables and Figures must be referred to in the main body of the text.
4. Number all Tables and Figures in the order they first appear in the text. 
5. Refer to them in the text by their number. For example:
               As shown in Table 2 … 
               OR
               As illustrated in Figure 3…
6. Each table or figure should be titled and captioned.

Tables reproduced in your text:

Each table should be displayed with a brief explanatory title.

Example of Title

Table 1. Hours of television viewing per week by age group

 

You must include a caption beneath the table. Use the following format - this format differs from the reference list format.  See note at bottom of this page regarding copyright permissions if publishing a table or a figure.

For examples of tables see APA Style Central

Format of Caption

Article:

Note. Reprinted [adapted] from “Title of article,” by A. B. Author and C. D. Author, Year, Journal Title, Volume, page number. Copyright Year by "Name of copyright holder".

Book:

Note. Reprinted [adapted] from Title of book (p. xx), by E. F. Author, Year, Place of Publication: Publisher. Copyright Year by "Name of copyright holder".

 

Figures reproduced in your text

Each figure should be displayed with a brief explanatory title. eg. Figure 3. Complex Theoretical Formulations

You must include a caption beneath the figure. Use the following format - references for figures are not required in your reference list.

For examples of figures see APA Style Central

Format of caption for figures adapted or copied directly from another source.

Article:

Figure X. A concise explanation of the figure. Adapted [reprinted] from “Title of article,” by A. Author, B. Author, and C. Author, Year, Journal Title, Volume, page number. Copyright Year by "Name of the copyright holder".

Book:

Figure X. A concise explanation of the figure. Adapted [reprinted] from Title of book (p. xx), by E. F. Author, Year, Place of Publication: Publisher. Copyright Year by "Name of the copyright holder".

 

If a figure or table is reproduced from another source for a published work, permission must be sought from the copyright holder and this information must be included in the caption.

Article:

Figure X. A concise explanation of the figure. Reprinted [adapted] from “Title of article,” by A. Author, B. Author, and C. Author, Year, Journal Title, Volume, page number. Copyright Year by "Name of copyright holder". Reprinted [or adapted] with permission. 

Book:

Figure X. A concise explanation of the figure. Reprinted [adapted] from Title of Book (p. xx), by E. F. Author, Year, Place of Publication: Publisher. Copyright Year by "Name of copyright holder". Reprinted [or adapted] with permission.