Skip to content

Citing and referencing: University course materials

A guide to the styles recommended by Monash schools and departments for students and researchers

University course materials

Note: Not all lecturers approve the use of Unit materials, such as lecture slides, in assignments. Check with your lecturer first to see if these resources are acceptable

Lecture Notes - available on Moodle

Format Author, A. A. (publication date). Title of lecture [Lecture notes]. Retrieved from 'website address'
Example

Cioe, J. (2012). The normal distribution [Lecture notes]. Retrieved from http://moodle.vle.monash.edu.au

 

Note: These are treated like books if they are published, but like personal communication if they are your own notes or unpublished. Lecture notes are considered published if they have been copied and distributed in print or on the web with the instructor's permission.

 

Class Notes

Format Note: Cite information from your own personal notes from a lecture as a personal communication and refer to it only in the body of your essay.
Example

Citation in text: In a lecture on August 10, 2012, to a BTW1110 class, Professor Smith said...

 

Class Handouts

Format Author, A. A. (publication date). Title of handout [Class handout]. Place of Publication: Publisher.
Example

Woodworth, M. (2006). Psychopaths [Class handout]. Kelowna, Canada: Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia Okanagan.

 

Class Handouts - available on Moodle

Format Author, A. A. (publication date). Title of handout [Class handout]. Retrieved from 'website address'
Example

Woodworth, M. (2006). Psychopaths [Class handout]. Retrieved from http://moodle.vle.monash.edu.au

 

Powerpoint Presentation - available on Moodle

Format Author, A. A. (publication date). Title of powerpoint [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from 'website address'
Example

Cioe, J. (2012). Biological foundations of sexuality [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from https://moodle.vle.monash.edu.au

 

Course materials - reprint from another source

Previously published articles, chapters or other resources: Cite the article or chapter as if you have found it in the original source. These details should be provided within the course pack or compiled textbook as part of a correct copyright or permissions statement. For further information consult the guidance for a compiled textbook or course packs.

 

MOOC - Massive Open Online Course

Format Author, A. A. (Producer). (Year). Title of course [Format]. Retrieved from 'website address'
Example

Monash University (Producer). (2015). The role of water in "cities of the future" [MOOC]. Retrieved from https://futuerlearn.com/courses/liveable-cities/steps/23354/progress

 

Note: With regard to Monash University MOOCs produced through FutureLearn, Monash maintains the copyright. This might differ for other MOOCs and MOOC providers. Often MOOCs will provide a copyright statement at the bottom of each page.