Citing and referencing: Sample reference list

A guide to the styles recommended by Monash schools and departments for students and researchers

Reference list format


  • Requirements for line spacing in assignment reference lists can vary so it is important to check with your lecturer or unit/assignment guide for what the requirements are.
  • The APA 6th Style manual specifies the following for the reference list.
  1. The word References should appear in bold in upper and lower case and be centred at the top of the page
  2. All reference entries should be double-spaced
  3. All references should be in a "hanging indent" format. (This means that the first line of each reference is flush against the left margin and the subsequent lines of each reference are indented ).
  • Unless otherwise advised, the APA style above should be used.
  • Please note:  the sample reference list below is only in single line spacing to conserve room on this page for display.

Sample reference list


Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2008). Childhood education and care (No. 4402.0). Retrieved from

Beckett, S. T. (2008). The science of chocolate (2nd ed.). Cambridge, United Kingdom: Royal Society of Chemistry.

Branch, S., Ramsay, S., & Barker, M. (2008). The bullied boss: A conceptual exploration of upwards bullying. In A. Glendon, B. M. Thompson & B. Myors (Eds.), Advances in organisational psychology (pp. 93-112). Retrieved from

Cioe, J. (2012). The normal distribution [Lecture notes]. Retrieved from

Corporations Act 2001 (Cth). Available from

Department of Health and Ageing. (2012). Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2012 report. Retrieved from

MacIntyre, S. (2008, August). Participation in the classroom, productivity in the workforce: Unfulfilled expectations. Paper presented at the 13th Australian Council for Educational Research Conference, Brisbane Qld. Retrieved from

Preston, R. (2010). Observations in acute care: Evidence based approach to patient safety. British Journal of Nursing 19, 442-447. Retrieved from

Ramsey, J. K., & McGrew, W. C. (2005). Object play in great apes: Studies in nature and captivity. In A. D. Pellegrini & P. K. Smith (Eds.), The nature of play: Great apes and humans (pp. 89-112). New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Sievers, W. (1966). Monash University [Photograph]. Retrieved from q=monash&c=picture&versionId=18284000

Tranquilli, A. L., Lorenzi, S., Buscicchio, G., Di Tommaso, M., Mazzanti, L. & Emanuelli, M. (2014). Female fetuses are more reactive when mother eats chocolate. The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, 27(1), 72-74. doi:10.3109/14767058.2013.804053

Winter, J., Hunter, S., Sim, J., & Crome, P. (2011). Hands-on therapy interventions for upper limb motor dysfunction following stroke. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2011(6). doi:10.1002/

Wolchik, S. A., West, S. G., Sandler, I. N., Tein, J., Coatsworth, D., Lengua, L., ...Griffin, W. A. (2000). An experimental evaluation of theory-based mother and mother-child programs for children of divorce. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68(5), 843–856. doi:10.1037//0022-006X.68.5.843