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Citing and referencing: Books

A guide to the styles recommended by Monash schools and departments for students and researchers

Books

One author

Rule for Notes

Note Number. Author's First and Last Names, Title of Book: Subtitle of Book (Place of Publication: Publisher's Name, Date of Publication), page number(s).

 

Note: The first footnote of a particular source includes all publication information, however subsequent footnotes are shortened

Example of Note entry

1. Donald M. McKale, Nazis After Hitler: How Perpetrators of the Holocaust Cheated Justice and Truth (Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2012), 32.

Subsequent Note entry

5. McKale, Nazis After Hitler, 44.

Rule for Bibliography

Author's Last name, First name. Title of Book: Subtitle of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher's Name, Date of Publication.

Example of Bibliography entry

McKale, Donald M. Nazis After Hitler : How Perpetrators of the Holocaust Cheated Justice and Truth. Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2012.

 

Two authors

Rule for Notes

Note Number. Author #1's First and Last Names and Author #2's First and Last Names, Title of Book: Subtitle of Book (Place of Publication: Publisher's Name, Date of Publication), page number(s).

Example of Note entry

1. Astri Suhrke and Howard Adelman, The Path of a Genocide: The Rwanda Crisis From Uganda to Zaire (New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Publishers, 1999), 43-45.

Subsequent Note entry

5. Suhrke and Adelman, The Path of a Genocide, 48.

Rule for Bibliography

Author #1's Last Name, Author #1's First Name, and Author #2's First and Last Names. Title of the Book: Sub-Title of the Book. Place of Publication: Publisher's Name, Date of publication.

(For a book with two or 3 authors, only the first-listed name is inverted in the reference list and bibliography)

Example of Bibliography entry

Suhrke, Astri and Howard Adelman. The Path of a Genocide : The Rwanda Crisis From Uganda to Zaire. New Brunswick, N.J.:  Transaction Publishers, 1999.

 

Three authors

Rule for Notes

Note Number. Author #1's First and Last Names, Author #2's First and Last Names, and Author #3's First and Last Names, Title of Book : Subtitle of Book (Place of Publication: Publisher's Name, Date of Publication), page number(s).

Example of Note entry

1. Israel W. Charny, William S. Parsons and Samuel Totten, Genocide in the Twentieth Century : Critical Essays and Eyewitness Accounts (New York: Garland Pub, 1995), 65.

Subsequent Note entry

3. Charny, Parsons and Totten, Genocide in the Twentieth, 68.

Rule for Bibliography

Author #1's Last Name, Author #1's First Name, Author #2's First and Last Names, and Author #3's First and Last Names, Title of the Book : Subtitle of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher's Name, Date of Publication.

(For a book with two or 3 authors, only the first-listed name is inverted in the reference list and bibliography)

Example of Bibliography entry

Charny, Israel W., William S. Parsons and Samuel Totten. Genocide in the Twentieth Century : Critical Essays and Eyewitness Accounts. New York: Garland Pub, 1995.

 

Four authors or more

Rule for Notes

Note Number. Author #1's First and Last Names et al., Title of Book : Subtitle of Book (Place of Publication: Publisher's Name, Date of Publication), page number(s).

Example of Note entry

1. Edward O. Laumann et al., The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994), 4. 

Subsequent Note entry

4. Laumann et al., The Social Organization of Sexuality, 5.

Rule for Bibliography

Author #1's Last Name, Author #1's First Name, Author #2's First and Last Names, Author #3's First and Last Names and Author #4's First and Last Names, Title of the Book : Subtitle of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher's Name, Date of Publication.

Example of Bibliography entry

Laumann, Edward O., John H. Gagnon, Robert T. Michael and Stuart Michaels. The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994.

 

Group/Organisation as author

Rule for Notes

Note Number. Name of Group/Organisation, Title of Book: Subtitle of Book (Place of Publication: Publisher's Name, Date of Publication), page number(s).

Example of Note entry

1. United States Memorial Holocaust Museum, Hidden History of the Kovno Ghetto (Boston, Mass.: Little Brown and Company, 1998), 4.

Subsequent Note entry

5. United States Memorial Holocaust Museum, Hidden History, 44.

Rule for Bibliography

Name of Group/Organisation. Title of Book: Subtitle of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher's Name, Date of Publication.

Example of Bibliography entry

United States Memorial Holocaust Museum. Hidden History of the Kovno Ghetto. Boston, Mass.: Little Brown and Company, 1998.

 

Edited book

Rule for Notes

Note Number. Editor's First and Last Names, ed., Title of Book: Subtitle of Book (Place of Publication: Publisher's Name, Date of Publication), page number(s).

Example of Note entry

1. Margit Misangyi Watts, ed., Technology: Taking the Distance out of Learning (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2003), 73.

Subsequent Note entry

2. Watts, Technology: Taking the Distance, 112.

Rule for Bibliography

Editor's Last name, First name, ed. Title of Book: Subtitle of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher's Name, Date of Publication.

Example of Bibliography entry

Watts, Margit Misangyi, ed. Technology: Taking the Distance out of Learning. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2003.

 

Chapter in an edited book

Rule for Notes

Note Number. Chapter Author's First and Last Names, "Chapter Title," in Title of Book: Subtitle of Book, ed. First and Last Names (Place of Publication: Publisher's Name, Date of Publication), page number(s).

Example of Note entry

1. Colin Lucas, “Nobles, Bourgeois and the Origins of the French Revolution,” in The French Revolution; Recent Debates and New Controversies, ed. Gary Kates (London: Routledge, 1998), 56.

Subsequent Note entry

4. Lucas, “Nobles, Bourgeois and the Origins,” 60.

Rule for Bibliography

Chapter Author's Last name, First name. "Chapter Title." In Title of Book: Subtitle of Book, edited by First and Last Names, page number(s). Place of Publication: Publisher's Name, Date of Publication.

Example of Bibliography entry

Lucas, Colin. “Nobles, Bourgeois and the Origins of the French Revolution.” In The French Revolution; Recent Debates and New Controversies, edited by Gary Kates, 44-67. London: Routledge, 1998.

 

Entry in a reference book

Rule for Notes

Note Number. Author's First and Last Names, "Entry title" in Title of Book: Subtitle of Book, ed. First and Last Names of each editor (Place of Publication: Publisher's Name, Date of Publication), page number(s).

Example of Note entry

1. John Hirst, "Macquarie, Lachlan," in The Oxford Companion to Australian History, ed. Graeme Davison, John Hirst and Stuart Macintyre (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001), 172.

Subsequent Note entry

3. Hirst, "Macquarie, Lachlan," 172.

Rule for Bibliography

Author's Last name, First name. "Entry title." In Title of Book: Subtitle of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher's Name, Date of Publication.

Example of Bibliography entry

Hirst, John. "Macquarie, Lachlan." In The Oxford Companion to Australian History, edited by Graeme Davison, John Hirst and Stuart Macintyre, 172. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.

 

Book with an author and translator

Rule for Notes

The first footnote of a particular source includes all publication information. However subsequent footnotes are shortened.

Note Number. Author's First and Last Names, Title of Book: Subtitle of Book, trans. First and Last Names of translator (Place of Publication: Publisher's Name, Date of Publication), page number(s).

Example of Note entry

1. Gabriel García Márquez, Love in the Time of Cholera, trans. Edith Grossman (London: Cape, 1988), 242–55.

Subsequent Note entry

18. García Márquez, Cholera, 33.

Rule for Bibliography

Author's Last name, First name. Title of Book: Subtitle of Book. Translated by First and Last Names of translator. Place of Publication: Publisher's Name, Date of Publication.

Example of Bibliography entry

García Márquez, Gabriel. Love in the Time of Cholera. Translated by Edith Grossman. London: Cape, 1988.

 

Electronic Book (E-book)

E-books are cited exactly as their print counterparts except with the addition of a media marker at the end, e.g. Kindle edition, PDF e-book, Microsoft Reader e-book, Palm e-book etc.

Rule for Notes

Note Number. Author's First and Last Names, Title of Book: Subtitle of Book (Place of Publication: Publisher's Name, Date of Publication), page number(s). Media marker.

Example of Note entry

1. Andres R. Edwards, Thriving Beyond Sustainability: Pathways to a Resilient Society (Gabriola Island, BC: New Society Publishers, 2010) 34. Kindle eBook.

Subsequent Note entry

5. Edwards, Thriving Beyond Sustainability, 56.

Rule for Bibliography

Author's Last name, First name. Title of Book: Subtitle of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher's Name, Date of Publication. Media marker.

Example of Bibliography entry

Edwards, Andres R.Thriving Beyond Sustainability: Pathways to a Resilient Society. Gabriola Island, BC: New Society Publishers, 2010. Kindle eBook.

 

Book consulted online

Books consulted online are cited exactly as their print counterparts except with the addition of a URL or DOI. 

Rule for Notes

Note Number. Author's First and Last Names, Title of Book: Subtitle of Book (Place of Publication: Publisher's Name, Date of Publication), page number(s). DOI or URL.

Note: The first footnote of a particular source includes all publication information, however subsequent footnotes are shortened

Example of Note entry

1. Alexander Meiklejohn, Free speech and its relation to self-government (New York, Harper & Brothers, 1948), 42. http://digicoll.library.wisc.edu/cgi-bin/UW/UW-idx?type=turn&entity=UW.MeikFreeSp.p0003&id=UW.MeikFreeSp&isize=M.

Subsequent Note entry

5. Meiklejohn, Free speech, 44.

Rule for Bibliography

Author's Last name, First name. Title of Book: Subtitle of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher's Name, Date of Publication. DOI or URL.

Example of Bibliography entry

Meiklejohn, Alexander. Free speech and its relation to self-government. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1948. http://digicoll.library.wisc.edu/cgi-bin/UW/UW-idx?type=turn&entity=UW.

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