Citing and referencing: Patents

A guide to the styles recommended by Monash schools and departments for students and researchers

IEEE Resources:

Patents

Patents (Print)

Rule:

[#] A. A. Author, “Title of patent,” Country Patent x xxx xxx, Abbrev. Month, day, year.

Example:

[1] J. Armstrong, “Methods and apparatus for generation and transmission of optical signals," U.S. Patent 7 796 898, Sept., 14, 2010.

Guidelines:

All references end with a full stop

If several dates are given, refer to the issued date

Check that you are using the standard abbreviations for patents

Still unsure? Refer to the IEEE Reference Guide (2018)

 

Patents (Online)

Rule:

[#] Name of invention, by A. A. Inventor. (Year, Month Day). Patent Number [Type of Medium]. Available: URL

Example:

[1] Musical toothbrush with adjustable neck and mirror, by L. M. R. Brooks. (1992, May 19). Patent D 326 189 [Online]. Available: https://pdfpiw.uspto.gov/.piw?Docid=D0326189

Guidelines:

All references end with a full stop, unless the reference ends with a URL

If several dates are given, refer to the issued date

Check that you are using the standard abbreviations for patents

Still unsure? Refer to the IEEE Reference Guide (2018)