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Citing and referencing: Film / Videorecording

A guide to the styles recommended by Monash schools and departments for students and researchers

Film or a Videorecording

Film

Format

Director's Surname, Director's Name, director. Title of Film. Date of release. Lead performers' names, version information, film studio or distributor's name.

Example

Ray, Billy, director. Shattered Glass. 2003. Performance by Hayden Christensen, Peter Sarsgaard and Chloe Sevigny, Lions Gate Films.

Explanation

The standard formulation for citing a film is to begin with the director's name.

If contributors are not available, omit that portion of the citation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Film (DVD or Video)

Format

Director's Surname, Director's Name, director. Title of Film. Date of release. Lead performers' names, version information, film studio or distributor's name, date of version.

Example

Hitchcock, Alfred, director. Vertigo. 1958. Performance by James Stewart, Universal Home Entertainment, 2003.

Singer, Bryan, director. The Usual Suspects. 1995. Performance by Kevin Spacey, Gabriel Byrne, Chazz Palminteri, Stephen Baldwin. Polygram, 2008.

Hogan, P.J., director. Muriel's Wedding. 1994. Roadshow Entertainment, 2000.

Scott, Ridley, director. Blade Runner. 1982. Performance by Harrison Ford, director's cut, Warner Bros., 1992.

Explanation

In case the film version is different from the original (e.g. director's cut), include date of release (e.g. 1958 in the first example above) and date of version (e.g. 2003 in the first example above).

If version information are not available, omit that portion of the citation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Film streamed from online source

Format

Director's Surname, Director's Name, director. Title of Film. Date of release. Lead performers' names, version information, name of service provider, film studio or distributor's name, date of streaming, URL.

Example

Burger, Neil, director. Divergent. Performance by Shailene Woodley, Theo James and Kate Winslet, Netflix, Red Wagon Entertainment, 30 Aug. 2014.

Gutiérrez Aragón, Manuel, director. Una rosa de Francia. Performance by Jorge Perugorría, Álex González and Ana de Armas, 3 Feb. 2006. CMAX TV, Instituto Cubano del Arte e Industrias Cinematográficos, 31 Oct. 2017, www.cmaxtv.com/una-rosa-de-francia.

Lee, Ang, director. Eat Drink Man Woman. 1994. Kanopy, Umbrella Entertainment, 2016, www.kanopystreaming.com/product/eat-drink-man-woman.

Explanation

If URLs are not available, omit that portion of the citation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Film where contribution of a particular individual is significant

Format

LastnameFirstname, contributor's role. Title of film. Film studio or distributor's name, date of release.

Example

Gellar, Sarah Michelle, performer. Buffy the Vampire Slayer. Mutant Enemy, 1997-2003.

Whedon, Joss, creator. Buffy the Vampire Slayer. Mutant Enemy, 1997-2003.

Explanation

If your discussion focuses on one participant, list him/her as the author.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Film review

Format

Reviewer Last nameFirst name. Review of Title of Film, directed by First name Last name. Title of Journal, volume, issue, year, page range of article. Database, URL.

Example

Kinder, Marsha. Review of High Heels, directed by Pedro Almodóvar. Film Quarterly, vol. 45, no. 3, 1992, 39-44.

 

Henry, K., Miller. Review of Jeff, Who Lives at Home, written and directed by Jay and Mark Duplass, Sight and Sound, vol. 22, no. 5, May 2012, 69-70. Proquest, search.proquest.com.ezproxy.lib.monash.edu.au/docview/1011381061/1AD73E064C544E58PQ/8?accountid=12528.

 

Explanation

If the review is published on a website and not in a journal, omit that portion of the citation and insert the website's URL.

​Databases contain many articles from a range of journals. In the example above, the name of the journal is Sight & Sound, and it can be found in the database Proquest. In most instances, you will access a journal article through an online database, although you can also access them directly through the journal's homepage.

If database and/or URL are not available, omit that portion of the citation.