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Citing and referencing: Audio and visual media

A guide to the styles recommended by Monash schools and departments for students and researchers

Audio and visual media

Before using this guide check with your faculty, school or department for their specific referencing guidelines


CD-ROM

Format

Author AA. Title [Format]. Version (if relevant). Place of publication: Publisher; year of publication. Item description.

Example

*includes books

Kacmarek RM. Advanced respiratory care [CD-ROM]. Version 3.0. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2000. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

Journal Example

Kauffman CA, Bonilla HF. Trends in antibiotic resistance with emphasis on VRE. FPR [CD-ROM]. 1998 Oct;20(10):[about 5 screens].

Database Example *Open serial

The Cochrane library [CD-ROM]. Chichester (UK): John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. 1996 - CD-ROMs: 4 3/4 in.

Database Example

*Closed serial

Health and psychosocial instruments [CD-ROM]. Pittsburgh (PA): Behavioral Measurement Database Services. 1992 - 2003. CD-ROMs: color, 4 3/4 in.


DVD and videorecordings

Format

Author A. Title [Format]. Place of publication: Publisher; year of publication. Item description.

Example

*includes books

Subbarao M. Tough cases in carotid stenting [DVD]. Woodbury (CT): Cine-Med, Inc.; 2003. 1 DVD: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

Journal Example

Buchler MW, Knaebel HP. Partial pancreaticoduodenectomy with superior mesenteric vein reconstruction. Real Surg [DVD]. 2004 May;1(5):[35 min.].


Motion Picture

Format

Author A. Title [format]. Editor B, role in production. Place of publication: Publisher; year of publication. Item description.

Example

Baxley N, Dunaway C. Cognition, creativity, and behavior: the Columban simulations [motion picture]. Baxley N, editor and producer. Champaign (IL): Research Press Company; 1982. 1 reel: 30 min., sound, color, 16 mm.


Prints and Photographs with Author

Format

Author A. Title [format]. Year of publication. Date range. Item description. Location retrieved. Notes about item.

Example

Tabor M. Martha Tabor collection [photographs]. 1985-2006. 155 photographs: black & white. Located at: Prints and Photographs Collection, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD. Photographs depict contemporary health care professionals at work.


Prints and Photographs with no Author

Format  

Title [format]. Place of publication: Publisher; date of publication. Item description.

Example

Observation of bacterial growths in medium to study their effects on teeth [photograph]. [Bethesda (MD)]: National Institute of Dental Research (US); [date unknown]. 1 photograph: black & white, 8 x 10 in.


Television and radio programmes

Format

Title [format]. Title of program it was aired on (if relevant). Place of publication: publisher; date it was aired.

Example

Stem cells in the brain [television broadcast]. Catalyst. Sydney: ABC; 2009 Jun 25.


Video blog post (ie Youtube)

Format

Publisher. Title [ format]. date it was uploaded. Available from: website address

Example

Monash University. 3 Minute thesis 2012: Anna Davey [video on the Internet]. 2012 September 9. Available from: https://youtu.be/m_5uBM5Fn1I?list=UUC0BGDE6nP3wdxJEK58HPpg


​Webstreaming videos

Format

Author, A. Title [format]. Place of publication: publisher; date of publication [date it was viewed]. Available from: website address

Example

Silverstein O. Mothers and sons: the crucial connection [web streaming video]. Hanover (USA): Microtraining Associates; 2005 [cited 2010 May 27]. Available from: http://ctiv.alexanderstreet.com/​View/536289