Citing and referencing: Evidence summaries

A guide to the styles recommended by Monash schools and departments for students and researchers

Evidence summaries

Before using this guide check with your faculty, school or department for their specific referencing guidelines

Decision support systems/point of care tools (electronic)


Author, AA. Title of article. Publication date of article. [revision/revision date; cited YYYY Mon DD]. In: Title of database [Type of medium]. Place of publication: Name of Publisher. Date of Publication. [Extent of contribution]. Available from: URL doi: (if available)

Example (UpToDate)

Fakhoury K, Kanu A. Management of bronchiectasis in children without cystic fibrosis. 2018 Nov. [reviewed 2018 Nov 20; cited 2019 Dec 14]. In: UpToDate [Internet]. Waltham (MA): UpToDate, Inc. c2018 - . [about 6 screens]. Available from:

Example (BMJ Best Practice)

Pammi M. Premature newborn care. 2018 Jun 8. [reviewed 2018 Sep; cited 2019 Oct 26]. In: BMJ Best Practice [Internet]. London: BMJ Publishing Group Ltd. c2009 - . 64 p. Available from:

Example (Cochrane Clinical Answers)

Bunt C. For people who have had a stroke, does repetitive task training help to improve functional ability?. 2018 Oct 15. [cited 2019 Oct 29]. In: Cochrane Clinical Answers [Internet]. Milton (AU): John Wiley & Sons, Inc. c2000 - . [about 2 screens]. Available from: doi: 10.1002/cca.211

Reference (DynaMed Plus) Alzheimer dementia. 2019 Jan. [reviewed 2018 Nov 29; cited 2019 Feb 05]. In: DynaMed Plus [Internet]. Ipswich (MA): EBSCO Information Services. 1995 –. [about 24 screens]. Available from: 

Systematic reviews (electronic)


Author of contribution. Title of contribution. Date of publication of contribution [date of update/revision of contribution; date of citation of contribution]. In: Title of database [Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher. Date of publication - . Extent of contribution. Available from: URL doi: (if available)

Example (Cochrane)

Balfour‐Lynn IM, Welch K. Inhaled corticosteroids for cystic fibrosis. 2016 Aug 26 [cited 2019 Oct 26]. In: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews [Internet]. Milton (AU): John Wiley & Sons, Inc. c2000 - . 47 p. Available from: doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD001915.pub5

Example (Joanna Briggs Institute)

Moyo F, Archibald E, Slyer JT. Effectiveness of decision aids for smoking cessation in adults: a quantitative systematic review. 2018 Sep [cited 2019 Oct 26]. In: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports [Internet]. Adelaide: Joanna Briggs Institute. c2018. Available from: doi: 10.11124/JBISRIR-2017-003698

Clinical practice guidelines (electronic)


From an online database:

Title of work [Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher; Date of publication. Title of section: [revision/review date; cited YYYY Mon DD]; [# of pages/screens]. Available from: URL

As a document on the web:

Author AA, Author BB. Title [Internet]. Edition or version. Place of publication: Publisher; Date of publication [cited YYYY Mon DD]. Extent. Available from: URL

Example (online database)

eTG Complete [Internet]. West Melbourne: Therapeutic Guidelines Ltd; 2018. Gastro-oesophageal reflux; [updated 2016 Jul; cited 2019 Oct 23]; [about 7 screens]. Available from:

Example (document on the web)

Royal Australian College of General Practitioners; Osteoporosis Australia. Osteoporosis prevention, diagnosis and management in postmenopausal women and men over 50 years of age [Internet]. 2nd ed. East Melbourne (AU): Royal Australian College of General Practitioners; 2017 [cited 2019 Oct 29]. 82 p. Available from:

Clinical practice guidelines (print)


Topic Expert Group. Title. Place of publication: Publisher. Year. Title of section; page number.


Antibiotic Expert Group. Therapeutic guidelines: antibiotic. Melbourne (VIC): Therapeutic Guidelines Limited. 2014. Malaria; p. 521-8.

Patient/consumer information (electronic)


Author AA. Title of work [Internet]. Edition or version. Place of publication: Publisher; Date of publication. Title of part; [date of update/revision; cited YYYY Mon DD]; [extent]. Available from: URL

Example (no author)

NPS MedicineWise [Internet]. Surry Hills (AU): NPS MedicineWise; 2018 Aug 22; Taking medicines in pregnancy; [cited 2019 Oct 29]; [about 5 screens]. Available from:

Better Health Channel [Internet]. Melbourne: State of Victoria; c2018; Drugs, medication and birth defects; [updated 2014 Aug; cited 2019 Oct 29]; [about 8 screens]. Available from

Example (with author)

Marsh DE. Merck manual [Internet]. Consumer version. Kenilworth (NJ): Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp; c2018; Overview of generic drugs and drug naming; [revised 2017 Aug; cited 2019 Oct 29]; [about 3 screens]. Available from:


Patrias K. Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers [Internet]. 2nd ed. Wendling DL, technical editor. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007 [updated 2009 Oct 21; cited 2019 Nov 10]. Available from: