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Citing and referencing: Journals / Periodicals

A guide to the styles recommended by Monash schools and departments for students and researchers

Journals / Periodicals

Before using this guide check with your faculty, school or department for their specific referencing guidelines.

Notes:

Follow these examples closely for all layout, punctuation, spacing and capitalization. These general rules apply to both print and electronic articles.

Enter author's surname followed by no more than 2 initials (full stop).

If more than 1 author: give all authors' names and separate each by a comma and a space.

For articles with 1 to 6 authors, list all authors. For articles with more than 6 authors,  list the first 6 authors then add 'et al.'

Only the first word of the article title and words that normally begin with a capital letter are capitalized.

Journal titles are abbreviated (to decipher/find correct abbreviations see: PubMed Journals Database

Follow the date with a semi-colon;

Abbreviate months to their first 3 letters (no full stop)

Give the volume number (no space) followed by issue number in brackets

If the journal has continuous page numbering through its volumes, omit month/issue number.

Abbreviate page numbers where possible, eg:123-29.

Print journal article with 1 to 6 authors

Format

Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, Author DD. Title of article. Abbreviated title of journal. Date of publication YYYY Mon DD;volume number(issue number):page numbers.

Reference List

Petitti DB, Crooks VC, Buckwalter JG, Chiu V. Blood pressure levels before dementia. Arch Neurol. 2005 Jan;62(1):112-6.


Print journal article with more than 6 authors

Format

Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, Author DD, Author EE, Author FF, et al . Title of article. Abbreviated title of journal. Date of publication YYYY Mon DD;volume number(issue number):page numbers.

Reference List

Hallal AH, Amortegui JD, Jeroukhimov IM, Casillas J, Schulman CI, Manning RJ, et al. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography accurately detects common bile duct stones in resolving gallstone pancreatitis. J Am Coll Surg. 2005 Jun;200(6):869-75.


Print journal article with a corporate author

Format

Organization's name. Title of article. Abbreviated title of journal. Date of publication YYYY Mon DD;volume number(issue number):page numbers.

Reference List

National Institutes of Health (US). End-of-life care. National Institutes of Health statement on the state of the science. AWHONN Lifelines. 2005 Feb-Mar;9(1):15-22.


Figure in a print journal article

Write the word 'figure' in full.
Write p. before page number

Format Author AA, Author BB. Title of article. Abbreviated title of journal. Date of publication YYYY Mon DD;volume number(issue number):page numbers. Figure number, Figure caption; p. number
Reference List

Mitchell GF, Pfeffer MA. Evaluation and management of patients with uncontrolled systolic hypertension: is another new paradigm really needed? Am Heart J. 2005 May;149(5):776-84. Figure 3, Regional pressure wave forms in the normal arterial system; p. 780.


Table in a print journal article

Format Author AA, Author BB, Author CC. Title of article. Abbreviated title of journal. Date of publication YYYY Mon DD;volume number(issue number):page numbers. Table number, table caption; p. number
Reference List Diaz-Cruz ES, Shapiro CL, Brueggemeier RW. Cyclooxygenase inhibitors suppress aromatase expression and activity in breast cancer cells. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005 May;90(5):2563-70. Table 2, Aromatase activity and expression in cell lines; p. 2565.


Electronic journal articles

The word [Internet] in square brackets should be inserted after the abbreviated journal title.

The date cited [in square brackets] must be included after the date of publication.

The URL (web address) must be included at the end of the reference.

Include the DOI (digital object identifier) at the end of the reference, after the URL

Format

Author AA, Author BB. Title of article. Abbreviated title of Journal [Internet]. Date of publication YYYY MM [cited YYYY Mon DD];volume number(issue number):page numbers. Available from: URL

Reference List

Stockhausen L, Turale S. An explorative study of Australian nursing scholars and contemporary scholarship. J Nurs Scholarsh [Internet]. 2011 Mar [cited 2013 Feb 19];43(1):89-96. Available from: http://search.proquest.com.​ezproxy.lib.monash.edu.au/​docview/858241255?accountid=12528


Electronic journal article with DOI

Format Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, Author DD, Author EE, Author FF. Title of article. Abbreviated title of Journal [Internet]. Year of publication [cited YYYY Mon DD];volume number(issue number):page numbers. Available from: URL DOI
Reference List

Kanneganti P, Harris JD, Brophy RH, Carey JL, Lattermann C, Flanigan DC. The effect of smoking on ligament and cartilage surgery in the knee: a systematic review. Am J Sports Med [Internet]. 2012 Dec [cited 2013 Feb 19];40(12):2872-8. Available from: http://ajs.sagepub.com/content/​40/12/2872 DOI: 10.1177/0363546512458223

Reference List

Albert SM, Bix L, Bridgeman MM, Carstensen LL, Dyer-Chamberlain M, Neafsey PJ, Wolf MS. Promoting safe and effective use of OTC medications: CHPA-GSA National Summit. Gerontologist [Internet]. 2014 [cited 2016 Jan 07]; 54(6):909-18. Available from http://gerontologist.oxfordjournals.org/content/54/6/909.long DOI: 10.1093/geront/gnu034

Reference List

Bastianelli S, Orr KM, Kelly K. Nonprescription naloxone: pros and cons.J Am Pharm Assoc [Internet]. 2014 Jul-Aug [cited 2016 Jan 5]; 54(4):328-9. Available from: http://www.sciencedirect.com.ezproxy.lib.monash.edu.au/science/article/pii/S1544319115302004 DOI: 10.1331/JAPhA.2014.14048


Article from Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

Format Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, Author DD, Author EE, Author FF. Title of article. Database name [Internet]. Year of publication [cited YYYY Mon DD]; (issue number). Available from: URL
Reference List

Winter J, Hunter S, Sim J, Crome P. Hands-on therapy interventions for upper limb motor dysfunction following stroke. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews [Internet]. 2011 [cited 2014 Jun 10]; (6). Available from: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/​10.1002/14651858.CD006609.pub2/abstract

Chapman E, García Diéguez M. Radiotherapy for malignant pleural mesothelioma. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews [Internet]. 2006 [cited 2014 May 16]; (3). Available from: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/​10.1002/14651858.CD003880.pub4/abstract

 

Patrias K. Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers [Internet]. 2nd ed. Wendling DL, technical editor. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007 [updated 2009 Oct 21; cited 2013 Feb  ]. Available from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/citingmedicine