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Citing and referencing: Tables and figures

A guide to the styles recommended by Monash schools and departments for students and researchers

Tables and journals

Before using this guide check with your faculty, school or department for their specific referencing guidelines

Follow these examples closely for all layout, punctuation, spacing, capitalizing and italicizing.

When including a figure or a table from another source in your work, it is important to include appropriate citations.
The formats for Tables and Figures (see below) can also be applied to charts, photographs, graphs etc.
Please also refer to the "In-text citations" tab for additional instructions.

As a general rule when doing the reference list for tables and figures follow this structure:

Include the normal reference structure for the resource type followed by:

  • Figure # from the original source
  • Title of the figure
  • Page number of the figure (if available)

Citing a second table from the same source requires a second entry in the reference list

See below for examples:

Table in a book

Format

Author AA. Title of book. # of edition. Place of publication: Publisher; year. Table number, table caption; p. number.

Reference

Burant CF. Medical management of type 2 diabetes. 5th ed. Alexandria (VA): American Diabetes Association; c2004. Table 3.12, Sample regimens for achieving glycemic control; p. 68.

Table in an electronic book

Format

Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, Author DD. Title of book [Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher; year. [Table #], table caption; [cited YYYY Mon DD]; p. number. Available from: URL

References

Noel Walker J, Del Rosso JM, Karyl Held A. Nutrition and physical activity field assessment of children in rural America [Internet]. Westport (CT): Save the Children; 2005 Mar. Table 1, Prevalence of overweight among rural children in Save the Children regions; [cited 2006 Nov 7]; p. 2. Available from: http://www.savethechildren.org/atf/cf/%7B9def2ebe-10ae-432c-9bd0-df91d2eba74a%7D/10-Nutrition-and-Physical-Activity-Field-Assessment-2005.pdf

Figure in a book

Format

Author AA. Title of book. # edition. Place of publication: Publisher; year. Figure #, figure caption; p. numbers.

Reference

Lashley FR. Clinical genetics in nursing practice. 3rd ed. New York: Springer Publishing Company; c2005. Figure 2.5, Meiosis with two autosomal chromosome pairs; p. 27-8.

Figure in an electronic book

Format

Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, Author DD, Author EE. Title of book [Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher; year. Figure #, figure caption; [cited YYYY Mon DD]; p. number. Available from: URL

Reference Collins SR, Kriss JL, Davis K, Doty MM, Holmgren AL. Squeezed: why rising exposure to health care costs threatens the health and financial well-being of American families [Internet]. New York: Commonwealth Fund; 2006 Sep. Figure ES-1, Individual market is not an affordable option for many people; [cited 2006 Nov 15]; p. viii. Available from: http://www.commonwealthfund.org/​publications/fund-reports/2006/sep/​squeezed--why-rising-exposure-to-health-care-​costs-threatens-the-health-and-financial-well-being-of

Table in a journal

Format Author AA, Author BB, Author CC. Title of article. Abbreviated title of journal. Date of publication YYYY Mon DD;volume number(issue number):page numbers. Table number, table caption; p. number
Reference List Diaz-Cruz ES, Shapiro CL, Brueggemeier RW. Cyclooxygenase inhibitors suppress aromatase expression and activity in breast cancer cells. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005 May;90(5):2563-70. Table 2, Aromatase activity and expression in cell lines; p. 2565.

Table in an ejournal

Format

Author AA, Author BB, Author CC. Title of article. Abbreviated title of journal [Internet]. Date of publication YYYY Mon DD;volume number(issue number):page numbers. Table number, Table caption; [cited YYYY Mon DD]; p. number. Available from: URL

Reference List Happell B. The influence of education on the career preferences of undergraduate nursing students. Aust Electron J Nurs Educ [Internet]. 2002 Apr;8(1):422-32. Table 2, The relative popularity of nursing career choices (Post-test); [cited 2012 Jan 8]; p. 423. Available from: http://www.scu.edu.au/schools/nhcp/aejne/vol8-1/refereed/happell_max.html

Figure in a journal

Format Author AA, Author BB, Author CC. Title of article. Abbreviated title of journal. Date of publication YYYY Mon DD;volume number(issue number):page numbers. Figure number, Figure caption; p. number
Reference List Diaz-Cruz ES, Shapiro CL, Brueggemeier RW. Cyclooxygenase inhibitors suppress aromatase expression and activity in breast cancer cells. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005 May;90(5):2563-70. Figure 2, Aromatase activity and expression in cell lines; p. 2565.

Figure in an ejournal

Format

Author AA, Author BB, Author CC. Title of article. Abbreviated title of journal [Internet]. Date of publication YYYY Mon DD;volume number(issue number):page numbers. Figure number, figure caption; [cited YYYY Mon DD]; p. number. Available from: URL

 

Reference List Burke KJ, Paton D. Well-being in protective services personnel: organisational influences. Australas J Disaster Trauma Stud [Internet]. 2006;2006(2):[about 17 p.]. Figure 3, The overall structural model, showing the relative strength of each pathway examined; [cited 2007 Jan 8]; [about 1 screen]. Available from: http://www.massey.ac.nz/%7Etrauma/issues/2006-2/burke.htm

Table on the Internet

Format

Author AA, Author BB. Title of report [Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher; Date of publication [updated YYY abbr. Month DD; cited YYYY abbr. Month DD].  Report No.: Table No, Table name/description. Available from: URL DOI

Reference List Australian Bureau of Statistics. Births, Australia, 2014 [Internet]. Canberra ACT: Australian Government; 2015 [updated 2016 April 5; cited 2016 May 9]. Cat. No.:3301.0. Table 1, Births registered, Summary statistics for Australia(a). Available from http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats%5Cabs@.nsf/0/F41B99AB234B2074CA25792F00161838?Opendocument

Figure on the Internet

Format

Author AA, Author BB. Title of report [Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher; Date of publication. Report No.: Figure No, Figure name/description. Available from: URL DOI

Reference List World Health Organization. World health statistics 2015: Part 1 health-related millennium development goals [report on the internet]. 2015. Figure 1, Proportion of children under 5 years of age who are underweight – globally and by WHO region, 1990–2013. Available from: http://www.who.int/gho/publications/world_health_statistics/EN_WHS2015_Part1.pdf?ua=1

For more information, please refer to http://www.nlm.nih.gov/citingmedicine.

Note: If you are reproducing a table or figure for piece of work intended for publication you need to obtain advice from copyright about how to proceed. Please refer to this page for more information http://intranet.monash.edu.au/copyright/research/research-images.html