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Citing and referencing: Books

A guide to the styles recommended by Monash schools and departments for students and researchers

Books

Before using this guide check with your faculty, school or department for their specific referencing guidelines.

Notes:

Follow these examples closely for all layout, punctuation, spacing and capitalization.

Enter author's surname, followed by no more than 2 initials.

Give all authors' names and separate each by a comma and a space.

Enter all authors' names in the order in which they appear in the original source.

Only the first word of the article title and words that normally begin with a capital letter are capitalized.

For book chapters abbreviate page numbers to p. eg p. 12-25. Where appropriate abbreviate thus: p. 122-8.

For electronic books include the DOI (Digital Object Identifier) if it is given and place it after the URL (web address).

Abbreviate months to their first 3 letters.

The formats for Tables and Figures (see below) can also be applied to charts, photographs, graphs etc.

For more detailed information go to: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/citingmedicine

Book

Format

Author AA. Title of book. # edition [if not first]. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Pagination.

Example

Carlson BM. Human embryology and developmental biology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2009. 541 p.

Ambulance Victoria. Ambulance Victoria clinical practice guidelines for ambulance and MICA paramedics.  Doncaster (AU): Ambulance Victoria; 2014. 349 p.

Edited book

Format

Editor AA, Editor BB, editors. Title of book. # edition [if not first]. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Pagination.

Example

Campo P, Dunn JR, editors. Rethinking social epidemiology: towards a science of change. Dordrecht: Springer; 2012. 348 p.

Chapter in a book

Format

Author AA, Author BB. Title of book. # edition. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Chapter number, Chapter title; p. [page numbers of chapter].

Example

Speroff L, Fritz MA. Clinical gynecologic endocrinology and infertility. 7th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; c2005. Chapter 29, Endometriosis; p. 1103-33.

Chapter in an edited book

Format

Author AA, Author BB. Title of chapter. In: Editor AA, Editor BB, editors. Title of book. # edition. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication. p. [page numbers of chapter].

Example

Blaxter PS, Farnsworth TP. Social health and class inequalities. In: Carter C, Peel JR, editors. Equalities and inequalities in health. 2nd ed. London: Academic Press; 1976. p. 165-78.

Electronic book

Format

Author AA. Title of web page [Internet]. Place of publication: Sponsor of Website/Publisher; Year published [cited YYYY Mon DD]. Number of pages. Available from: URL DOI: (if available)

Example

Shreeve, DF. Reactive attachment disorder: a case-based approach [Internet]. New York: Springer; 2012 [cited 2018 Aug 17]. 85 p. Available from https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007%2F978-1-4614-1647-0 doi: 10.1007/978-1-4614-1647-0

Ambulance Victoria (AU). Clinical practice guidelines ambulance and MICA paramedics [Internet]. Version 1.4. Doncaster (AU): Ambulance Victoria; 2018 [cited 2018 Aug 17]. 405 p. Available from: https://www.ambulance.vic.gov.au/paramedics/clinical-practice-guidelines/

National Health and Medical Research Council (AU). Emergency care acute pain management manual [Internet]. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia; 2011 [cited 2018 Aug 17]. 54 p. Available from: https://www.nhmrc.gov.au/guidelines-publications/cp135

Barrett KE, Barman SM, Boitano S, Brooks HL. Ganong’s review of medical physiology [Internet]. 25th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Medical; 2012 [cited 2018 Aug 7]. Available from: https://accessmedicine-mhmedical-com.ezproxy.lib.monash.edu.au/book.aspx?bookid=1587

Example with a DOI

Ettinger S. Nutritional pathophysiology of obesity and its comorbidities: a case-study approach [Internet]. Amsterdam: Academic Press; 2017 [cited 2018 Aug 20]. 334 p. Available from: https://www-sciencedirect-com.ezproxy.lib.monash.edu.au/book/9780128030134 doi: 10.1016/C2014-0-04074-9

Chapter in an edited electronic book

Format

Author AA, Author BB. Title of chapter. In: Editor AA, Editor BB, editors. Title of the book [Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher's name; Year of publication. [cited YYYY Mon DD]. p. #. [page or chapter number/s]. Available from: URL DOI [if available]

Example

Halpen-Felsher BL, Morrell HE. Preventing and reducing tobacco use. In: Berlan ED, Bravender T, editors. Adolescent medicine today: a guide to caring for the adolescent patient [Internet]. Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Co.; 2014 [cited 2014 Nov 3]. Chapter 18. Available from: https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.ezproxy.lib.monash.edu.au/lib/monash/reader.action?docID=846091&query=

Chapter in an electronic book

Format

Author AA, Author BB. Title of the book [Internet]. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher's name; year of publication. Chapter number, Chapter title; [cited YYYY Mon DD]. p. #. Available from: URL DOI [if available]

Example

Elisabetta B, Yassin G. Crash course: pharmacology [Internet]. 4th ed. Edinburgh (GB): Mosby Ltd; 2012. Chapter 5, Central nervous system; [cited 2016 Jan 7]. p. 69-98. Available from: http://site.ebrary.com.ezproxy.lib.monash.edu.au/lib/monash/reader.action?docID=10574606&ppg=8

Chapter with contributing Author(s) in an electronic book

Format

Contributing Author AA, Author BB. Title of chapter. In: Editor AA, Editor BB, editors. Title of the book [Internet]. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher's name; Year of publication. [cited YYYY Mon DD]. p. #. [page or chapter number/s]. Available from: URL DOI [if available]

Example

Seeley WW, Miller BL. Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias. In: Kasper D, Fauci A, Hauser S, Longo D, Jameson J, Loscalzo J, editors. Harrison's principles of internal medicine [Internet]. 19th ed. New York: McGraw Hill Medical; 2015. [cited 2016 Jan 8]. Available from: http://accessmedicine.mhmedical.com.ezproxy.lib.monash.edu.au/content.aspx?bookid=1130&Sectionid=79755539

Table in a book

Format

Author AA. Title of book. # of edition. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Table number, Table caption; p. number.

Example

Burant CF. Medical management of type 2 diabetes. 5th ed. Alexandria (VA): American Diabetes Association; c2004. Table 3.12, Sample regimens for achieving glycemic control; p. 68.

Table in an electronic book

Format

Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, Author DD. Title of book [Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication. [Table #], table caption; [cited YYYY Mon DD]; p. number. Available from: URL

Example

Noel Walker J, Del Rosso JM, Karyl Held A. Nutrition and physical activity field assessment of children in rural America [Internet]. Westport (CT): Save the Children; 2005. Table 1, Prevalence of overweight among rural children in Save the Children regions; [cited 2006 Nov 07]; p. 2. Available from: http://www.savethechildren.org/atf/cf/%7B9def2ebe-10ae-432c-9bd0-df91d2eba74a%7D/10-Nutrition-and-Physical-Activity-Field-Assessment-2005.pdf

Figure in a book

Format

Author AA. Title of book. # edition. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Figure #, Figure caption; p. number/s.

Example

Lashley FR. Clinical genetics in nursing practice. 3rd ed. New York: Springer Publishing Company; c2005. Figure 2.5, Meiosis with two autosomal chromosome pairs; p. 27-8.

Figure in an electronic book

Format

Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, Author DD, Author EE. Title of book [Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Figure #, figure caption; [cited YYYY Mon DD]; p. number. Available from: URL

Example

Collins SR, Kriss JL, Davis K, Doty MM, Holmgren AL. Squeezed: why rising exposure to health care costs threatens the health and financial well-being of American families [Internet]. New York: Commonwealth Fund; 2006 Sep. Figure ES-1, Individual market is not an affordable option for many people; [cited 2006 Nov 15]; p. viii. Available from: https://www.commonwealthfund.org/publications/fund-reports/2006/sep/squeezed-why-rising-exposure-health-care-costs-threatens-health

 

Patrias K. Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers [Internet]. 2nd ed. Wendling DL, technical editor. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007 [updated 2009 Oct 21; cited 2012 Nov 10]. Available from:  http://www.nlm.nih.gov/citingmedicine