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Citing and referencing: Dictionaries/Encyclopedias/Guides

A guide to the styles recommended by Monash schools and departments for students and researchers

Dictionaries/Encyclopedias/Guides

Before using this guide check with your faculty, school or department for their specific referencing guidelines.

Notes:

Follow these examples closely for all layout, punctuation, spacing and capitalization.
Include the DOI at the end of the reference if it is available.

Dictionary entry

Format

Dictionary title. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher; year. Title of entry; page number.

Reference

Dorland's illustrated medical dictionary. 31st ed. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier; c2007. Encephalomalacia; p. 621.

Mosby’s dictionary of medicine, nursing and health professions. 3rd Australian and New Zealand ed. Chatswood (AU): Elsevier; c2014. Rabeprazole; p. 1460.


Online dictionary entry

Format

 

Dictionary title [Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher; year. Title of entry; [cited YYYY Mon DD]; [# of pages/screens]. Available from: URL

Reference

Merriam-Webster medical dictionary [Internet]. Springfield (MA): Merriam-Webster Incorporated; c2005. Cloning; [cited 2006 Nov 16]; [about 1 screen]. Available from: http://www.merriam-webster.com/medical/cloning

OED Online [Internet]. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2018. Osteomalacia; [cited 2018 Oct 26]; [about 1 screen]. Available from: http://www.oed.com.ezproxy.lib.monash.edu.au/view/Entry/234078?redirectedFrom=Osteomalacia

O’Toole MT, editor. Mosby’s Medical Dictionary [Internet]. 10th ed. St. Louis, Missouri: Mosby; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 25]. Available from: http://ezproxy.lib.monash.edu.au/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=nlebk&AN=1239147&site=ehost-live&scope=site


Encyclopedia article

Format

Author AA, Author BB. Encyclopedia title. Place of publication: Publisher; year. Title of article; page number.

Reference

Cassell DK, Sanoski CA. The encyclopedia of pharmaceutical drugs. New York: Facts on File; c2012. Corticosteroids; p. 271-6.

Fulzele SS, Fulzele S.  Hydroxypropyl cellulose. In: Sheskey PJ, Cook WG, Cable CG, editors. Handbook of pharmaceutical excipients. 8th ed. London: Pharmaceutical Press; 2017. p. 457-463.


Electronic Encyclopedia article

Format

Title of encyclopedia [Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher; year. Title of article; [updated YYYY Mon DD; cited YYYY Mon DD]; [# of pages/screens]. Available from: URL

Reference

Korsmeyer P, Kranzler HR, editors. Encyclopedia of drugs, alcohol & addictive behavior [Internet]. 3rd ed. Vol. 2. Detroit : Macmillan Reference USA; 2009. Fetal alcohol syndrome; [cited 2018 Oct 30]; [about 4 pages]. Available from: http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/CX2699700202/GVRL?u=monash&sid=GVRL&xid=18aa6377.

Anderson CA. Hyperbaric therapy. In: Vincent JL, Hall JB, editors. Encyclopedia of intensive care medicine [Internet]. Berlin: Springer; 2012 [cited 2018 Sep 24]. p. 1159-1170. Available from: https://link-springer-com.ezproxy.lib.monash.edu.au/content/pdf/10.1007%2F978-3-642-00418-6_832.pdf

A.D.A.M. medical encyclopedia [Internet]. Johns Creek (GA): A.D.A.M., Inc.; c2018. Tinnitus; [updated 2018 May 17; cited 2018 Sep 24]; [about 3 screens]. Available from: https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/003043.htm

Reference

(Citing the entire book/Source)

A.D.A.M. medical encyclopedia [Internet]. Johns Creek (GA): A.D.A.M., Inc.; c2018 [updated 2018 Jan 02; cited 2018 Sep 24]. Available from: https://medlineplus.gov/encyclopedia.html


Drug Guide entry

Format

 

Author AA, Author BB. Title. Place of publication: Publisher; year. Title of article; page number.

 

Reference

 

Hodgson BB, Kizior RJ. Saunders nursing drug handbook 2013. St. Louis: Elsevier Saunders; 2013. Tramadol; p. 1169.

Australian pharmaceutical formulary and handbook: the everyday guide to pharmacy practice. 24th ed. Canberra: Pharmaceutical Society of Australia; 2018. Nifedipine; p. 393.

 


Electronic Drug Guide or guideline entry

Format

 

Title of work [Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher/Website; year. Name of drug: [revision/review date; cited YYY Mon DD]; [# of pages/screens]. Available from: URL

 

Reference

 

AHFS Consumer Medication Information [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc.; 2008. Protriptyline; [revised 2007 Aug 1; reviewed 2007 Aug 1; cited 2008 Oct 2]; [about 5 p.]. Available from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a604025.html

 

Reference

(Citing an entry without an author)

 

MIMS Online [Internet]. St Leonards (NSW): MIMS Australia Pty Ltd.; 2018. Aropax;  [updated 2017 Oct 01; cited 2018 Feb 15]; [about 1 screen]. Available from:

http://www.mimsonline.com.au/ Search/AbbrPI.aspx?ModuleName=Product%20Info& searchKeyword=aropax&PreviousPage= ~/Search/QuickSearch.aspx&SearchType =&ID=27600001_2

 

Reference

(Citing an entry without an author)

 

 

AusDi [Internet]. St. Leonards (AU): Health Communication Network Limited; c2016. Codeine Phosphate;  [updated 2015 Dec 17; cited 2015 Dec22]; [about 4 screens]. Available from: http://ausdi.hcn.com.au.ezproxy.lib.monash.edu.au/productInformation.hcn?file=p03213

 

Reference

(Citing an entry without an author)

 

Australian medicines handbook [Internet]. Adelaide (AU): Australian Medicines Handbook Pty Ltd; 2018. Diazepam; [updated 2018 Jan; cited 2018 Feb 26]; [1 screen]. Available from: https://amhonline-amh-net-au.ezproxy.lib.monash.edu.au/chapters/psychotropic-drugs/drugs-anxiety-sleep-disorders/benzodiazepines/diazepam

 

Reference

(Citing an entry without an author)

 

eTG Complete [Internet]. Melbourne : Therapeutic Guidelines Limited; 2015. Bipolar disorder: introduction; [updated 2013 Feb; cited 2015 Dec 16]; [1 screen]. Available from: http://etg.tg.com.au.ezproxy.lib.monash.edu.au/conc/desktop/index.htm?id=27b1fc15b4331af2841f02ef96ddc67b

 

Reference

(Citing an entry with an author)

 

Gluckman S. Chronic fatigue syndrome. In: Merck manual [Internet]. Professional version Kenilworth (NJ): Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp; 2015.; [updated 2014 May; cited 2015 Dec 14]; [1 screen]. Available from: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/special-subjects/chronic-fatigue-syndrome/chronic-fatigue-syndrome

 


Article from BMJ Best Practice

Format

 

Author, A. Title of article. Publication date of article. [revision or up-date date; cited date]. In: Title of database [Type of medium]. Place of publication: Name of Publisher. Date of Publication. [Extent of contribution]. Available from URL

 

Reference

 

Kenealy, T. Sore throat. 2014 Mar 4. [cited 2015 Aug 31]. In: Best Practice [Internet]. London: BMJ Publishing Group. c2015. [about 5 screens]. Available from http://bestpractice.bmj.com.ezproxy.lib.monash.edu.au/best-practice/evidence/intervention/1509/1/sr-1509-i6.html

 

 
Patrias K. Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers [Internet]. 2nd ed. Wendling DL, technical editor. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007 [updated 2009 Oct 21; cited 2012 Nov 6]. Available from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/citingmedicine