Citing and referencing: Dictionaries/Encyclopedias/Guides

A guide to the styles recommended by Monash schools and departments for students and researchers

Dictionaries / Encyclopedias / Guides

Before using this guide check with your faculty, school or department for their specific referencing guidelines

Notes:

Follow these examples closely for all layout, punctuation, spacing and capitalisation.

Include the DOI at the end of the reference if it is available.

Dictionary entry

Format

Dictionary title. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Title of entry; page number.

Reference

Dorland's illustrated medical dictionary. 31st ed. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier; c2007. Encephalomalacia; p. 621.

Mosby’s dictionary of medicine, nursing and health professions. 3rd Australian and New Zealand ed. Chatswood (AU): Elsevier; c2014. Rabeprazole; p. 1460.


Online dictionary entry

Format

Dictionary title [Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Title of entry; [cited YYYY Mon DD]; [# of pages/screens]. Available from: URL

Reference

Merriam-Webster medical dictionary [Internet]. Springfield (MA): Merriam-Webster Incorporated; c2005. Cloning; [cited 2006 Nov 16]; [about 1 screen]. Available from: http://www.merriam-webster.com/medical/cloning

OED Online [Internet]. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2018. Osteomalacia; [cited 2018 Oct 26]; [about 1 screen]. Available from: http://www.oed.com.ezproxy.lib.monash.edu.au/view/Entry/234078?redirectedFrom=Osteomalacia

O’Toole MT, editor. Mosby’s Medical Dictionary [Internet]. 10th ed. St. Louis, Missouri: Mosby; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 25]. Available from: http://ezproxy.lib.monash.edu.au/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=nlebk&AN=1239147&site=ehost-live&scope=site


Encyclopedia article

Format

Author AA, Author BB. Encyclopedia title. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Title of article; page number.

Reference

Encyclopedia article, unsigned

Cassell DK, Sanoski CA. The encyclopedia of pharmaceutical drugs. New York: Facts on File; c2012. Corticosteroids; p. 271-6.

Signed encyclopedia article

Fulzele SS, Fulzele S.  Hydroxypropyl cellulose. In: Sheskey PJ, Cook WG, Cable CG, editors. Handbook of pharmaceutical excipients. 8th ed. London: Pharmaceutical Press; 2017. p. 457-463.


Electronic Encyclopedia article

Format

Title of encyclopedia [Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Title of article; [updated YYYY Mon DD; cited YYYY Mon DD]; [# of pages/screens]. Available from: URL

Reference

Encyclopedia article, unsigned
Korsmeyer P, Kranzler HR, editors. Encyclopedia of drugs, alcohol & addictive behavior [Internet]. 3rd ed. Vol. 2. Detroit : Macmillan Reference USA; 2009. Fetal alcohol syndrome; [cited 2018 Oct 30]; [about 4 pages]. Available from: http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/CX2699700202/GVRL?u=monash&sid=GVRL&xid=18aa6377

Signed encyclopedia article 
Anderson CA. Hyperbaric therapy. In: Vincent JL, Hall JB, editors. Encyclopedia of intensive care medicine [Internet]. Berlin: Springer; 2012 [cited 2018 Sep 24]. p. 1159-1170. Available from: https://link-springer-com.ezproxy.lib.monash.edu.au/content/pdf/10.1007%2F978-3-642-00418-6_832.pdf

Allen LV, Zanowiak P.  Pharmaceutical dosage forms. In: Ullmann's encyclopedia of industrial chemistry [Internet]. New York : Wiley‐VCH; c2002 [updated 2014 Nov 19; cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://onlinelibrary-wiley-com.ezproxy.lib.monash.edu.au/action/showCitFormats?doi=10.1002%2F14356007.a19_241.pub2 

Reference

(Citing the entire book/source)

A.D.A.M. medical encyclopedia [Internet]. Johns Creek (GA): A.D.A.M., Inc.; c2018 [updated 2018 Jan 2; cited 2018 Sep 24]. Available from: https://medlineplus.gov/encyclopedia.html

 

Patrias K. Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers [Internet]. 2nd ed. Wendling DL, technical editor. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007 [updated 2009 Oct 21; cited 2012 Nov 6]. Available from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/citingmedicine