Citing and referencing: Tables and figures

A guide to the styles recommended by Monash schools and departments for students and researchers

Tables and journals

Before using this guide check with your faculty, school or department for their specific referencing guidelines

Follow these examples closely for all layout, punctuation, spacing and capitalisation.

When including a figure or a table from another source in your work, it is important to include appropriate citations.
The formats for Tables and Figures (see below) can also be applied to charts, photographs, graphs, etc.
Please also refer to the In-text citations tab for additional instructions.

As a general rule when doing the reference list for tables and figures follow this structure: Include the normal reference structure for the resource type followed by:

  • Figure number from the original source.
  • Title of the figure.
  • Page number of the figure (if available).

Citing a second table from the same source requires a second entry in the reference list.

See below for examples:

Table in a book

Format

Author AA. Title of book. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Table number, Table caption; p. number.

Example

Burant CF. Medical management of type 2 diabetes. 5th ed. Alexandria (VA): American Diabetes Association; c2004. Table 3.12, Sample regimens for achieving glycemic control; p. 68.


Table in an electronic book

Format

Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, Author DD. Title of book [Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Table number, Table caption; [cited YYYY Mon DD]; p. number. Available from: URL

Example

Walker JN, Del Rosso JM, Held AK. Nutrition and physical activity field assessment of children in rural America [Internet]. Westport (CT): Save the Children; 2005. Table 1, Prevalence of overweight among rural children in Save the Children regions; [cited 2006 Nov 7]; p. 2. Available from: http://www.savethechildren.org/atf/cf/%7B9def2ebe-10ae-432c-9bd0-df91d2eba74a%7D/10-Nutrition-and-Physical-Activity-Field-Assessment-2005.pdf


Figure in a book

Format

Author AA. Title of book. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Figure number, Figure caption; p. numbers.

Example

Lashley FR. Clinical genetics in nursing practice. 3rd ed. New York: Springer Publishing Company; c2005. Figure 2.5, Meiosis with two autosomal chromosome pairs; p. 27-8.


Figure in an electronic book

Format

Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, Author DD, Author EE. Title of book [Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Figure number, Figure caption; [cited YYYY Mon DD]; p. number. Available from: URL

Example Collins SR, Kriss JL, Davis K, Doty MM, Holmgren AL. Squeezed: why rising exposure to health care costs threatens the health and financial well-being of American families [Internet]. New York: Commonwealth Fund; 2006. Figure ES-1, Individual market is not an affordable option for many people; [cited 2006 Nov 15]; p. viii. Available from: https://www.commonwealthfund.org/publications/fund-reports/2006/sep/squeezed-why-rising-exposure-health-care-costs-threatens-health


Table in a journal

Format Author AA, Author BB, Author CC. Title of article. Abbreviated title of journal. Date of publication YYYY Mon DD;volume number(issue number):page numbers. Table number, Table caption; p. number.
Example Diaz-Cruz ES, Shapiro CL, Brueggemeier RW. Cyclooxygenase inhibitors suppress aromatase expression and activity in breast cancer cells. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005 May;90(5):2563-70. Table 2, Aromatase activity and expression in cell lines; p. 2565.


Table in an electronic journal

Format Author AA, Author BB, Author CC. Title of article. Abbreviated title of journal [Internet]. Date of publication YYYY Mon DD;volume number(issue number):page numbers. Table number, Table caption; [cited YYYY Mon DD]; p. number. Available from: URL
Example Happell B. The influence of education on the career preferences of undergraduate nursing students. Aust Electron J Nurs Educ [Internet]. 2002 Apr;8(1):422-32. Table 2, The relative popularity of nursing career choices (Post-test); [cited 2012 Jan 8]; p. 423. Available from: http://pandora.nla.gov.au/pan/10228/20020527-0000/www.scu.edu.au/schools/nhcp/aejne/vol8-1/refereed/happell_max.html


Figure in a journal

Format Author AA, Author BB, Author CC. Title of article. Abbreviated title of journal. Date of publication YYYY Mon DD;volume number(issue number):page numbers. Figure number, Figure caption; p. number.
Example Diaz-Cruz ES, Shapiro CL, Brueggemeier RW. Cyclooxygenase inhibitors suppress aromatase expression and activity in breast cancer cells. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005 May;90(5):2563-70. Figure 2, Aromatase activity and expression in cell lines; p. 2565.


Figure in an electronic journal

Format Author AA, Author BB, Author CC. Title of article. Abbreviated title of journal [Internet]. Date of publication YYYY Mon DD;volume number(issue number):page numbers. Figure number, Figure caption; [cited YYYY Mon DD]; p. number. Available from: URL
Example Burke KJ, Paton D. Well-being in protective services personnel: organisational influences. Australas J Disaster Trauma Stud [Internet]. 2006;2006(2):[about 17 p.]. Figure 3, The overall structural model, showing the relative strength of each pathway examined; [cited 2007 Jan 8]; [about 1 screen]. Available from: http://www.massey.ac.nz/%7Etrauma/issues/2006-2/burke.htm


Table on the Internet

Format Author AA, Author BB. Title of report [Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher; Date of publication [updated YYYY Mon DD; cited YYYY Mon DD]. Report No.: Table Number, Table name/description. Available from: URL doi:

 

Example Australian Bureau of Statistics. Births, Australia, 2014 [Internet]. Canberra ACT: Australian Government; 2015 [updated 2016 Apr 5; cited 2016 May 9]. Cat. No.: 3301.0. Table 1, Births registered, Summary statistics for Australia(a). Available from: http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats%5Cabs@.nsf/0/F41B99AB234B2074CA25792F00161838?Opendocument


Figure on the Internet

Format Author AA, Author BB. Title of report [Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher; Date of publication. Report No.: Figure Number, Figure name/description. Available from: URL doi:
Reference List World Health Organization. World health statistics 2015: Part 1 health-related millennium development goals [report on the internet]. 2015. Figure 1, Proportion of children under 5 years of age who are underweight – globally and by WHO region, 1990–2013. Available from: http://www.who.int/gho/publications/world_health_statistics/EN_WHS2015_Part1.pdf?ua=1

 

For more information, please refer to http://www.nlm.nih.gov/citingmedicine.

Note: If you are reproducing a table or figure for piece of work intended for publication you need to obtain advice from copyright about how to proceed. Please refer to this page for more information https://www.intranet.monash/copyright/research/research-images