Before using this guide check with your faculty, school or department for their specific referencing guidelines
Follow these examples closely for all layout, punctuation, spacing and capitalisation.
Enter author's surname, followed by no more than 2 initials.
Only the first word of the Thesis / Dissertation title and words that normally begin with a capital letter are capitalised.
The place of publication is the city in which the conferring institution is located. For US and Canadian cities follow with the two letter state code in Appendix E, for all other cities us the two letter country code in Appendix D.
In cases where the place of publication is not stated, source the location via alternative methods, e.g. location of University and place this in square brackets [ ].
Abbreviate months to their first 3 letters.
Insert Dissertation for a PhD or master's thesis for a master's degree in square brackets [ ] following the title.
If you are estimating the number of pages include the p. after the page number, if you know how many pages that are in the thesis / dissertation, include the p. before the page number.
For further details on citing Theses / Dissertations refer to Chapter 5 - Dissertations and Theses in Citing Medicine.
Author AA. Title of thesis [dissertation]. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Number of pages.
O’Brien KA. The philosophical and empirical intersections of Chinese medicine and western medicine [dissertation]. Melbourne: Monash University; 2006. 439 p.
Weisbaum LD. Human sexuality of children and adolescents: a comprehensive training guide for social work professionals [master's thesis]. Long Beach (CA): California State University; 2005. 200 p.
For electronic Theses / Dissertations include in the citation "on the Internet" inside the square brackets, after the title.
Also include the date viewed / cited.
Author AA. Title of thesis [dissertation on the Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication. [cited YYYY Mon DD]. Available from: URL
Bianchi M. Multiscale fabrication of functional materials for regenerative medicine [dissertation on the internet]. Bologna (IT): University of Bologna; 2011. [cited 2019 Dec 7]. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-22881-0
For electronic Theses / Dissertations include in the citation "on microfiche" inside the square brackets, after the title.
Author AA. Title of thesis [dissertation on microfiche]. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Number of pages. microform extent.
Craft LL. Exercise and clinical depression: examining psychological mechanisms [dissertation on microfiche]. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University; 2002. 116 p. 2 microfiche: black & white, negative, 4 x 6 in.